Our republic has rich historic and
cultural traditions. We can speak about different people who promoted the
development of Belorussia culture and art. Among them you can find the names of
politicians and public figures, intellectuals and scientists, heroes of wars
and labours, sportsmen and artists, musicians and singers. To being with it we
can mention the name Efrosiniya Polotskaya who collected the libraries, rewrote
books in the 11th century.
Among famous man was dr. Fransisk
Scorina, the greatest enlighten, humanitarian and scholar of Renaissance
period. He was the son of a Polotsk merchant. Scorina entered the University of
Krakov when he was 14. there he obtained the degree of doctor in the science of
healthing. In 1957 Scorina was in Prague. There he started his printing
activity. Within 3 years he published 22 volumes of Bible translated by him
into the Belorussian language. Scorina played a very important role in the
development of social and cultural life of Slavonic people and stimulated the
progress of Belorussian literature and printing. He was a true renaissance man,
his intellectual interests embraced theology, literature, languishing, poetry,
art, law, medicine, botany and printing. The most important of his achievements
was the translation and publication of the Bible in the Belorussian language.
Scorina's Belorussian Bible was the
second printed in the native Slavonic tongue. It goes without saying that
Belorussian literature has made a great contribution to World literature. The
names of Y. Kupala and Y. Kolas, M. Bogdanovich and K. Krapiva, Korotkevich are
world famous. Our outstanding national writers Y. Kupala and Y.Kolas created a new
Belorussian literature and the Belorussian literature language. They are
considered to be the classic of Belorussian literature.
I'd like to tell you more about
Yanka Kupala. He represents one of the peaks of the Belorussian poetry. The
most important factor, that influenced Kupala's works were Belorussians
legends, Belorussian daily life. His father was an impoverished aristocrat, a
tenant farmer. His home was not far from Minsk, an ordinary spot of house, that
has been rebuilt in Vyasanka. It contained cover bets and embroidered
hand-towels and books since he was almost a self-taught man. His first poem was
"A peasant" a program for the whole of his life. His first collection
of poem was "A Flute" marked for its truthfulness ring. In the past
few years Belorussian literature has made new strides forward.
The novels by I. Melizh V. Bryl I.
Shamyakin V.Bykov are profound chronicles and they will remain in our memory
forever. After this came a new generation of talented poets and prose writers
which enriched our literature. They are R. Baradulin, a master of verse
Y.Spivakov, B. Sachanka and others. We have plenty of artists who portray the
natural beauty of Belarus, its heroic past and its known, less heroic present.
The names of Zaitsev, Tsvirka, Volkov, Savitsky, and many others are known far
beyond the borders of the republic. We can find talented Belorussian people in
all branches of art.
The most famous composers are
Churkin, Tsikotsky, Bogatyrov, Luchenok,. There are many famous artists in our
native country. Such names as Shagal, Volkov are famous not only in our
country, but in many countries of the world. Our ballet troop is considered to
be one of the best in the world. The most famous of our dancers are Zakharov,
Dushkevich, Fadeyeva. Belorussian music is on the upswing. A great many popular
songs, operas and symphonies have been created by the well-known composers such
as Semenyaka, Glebov. Many prominent names in the history of Belarus of the
20th century are connected with 2 main events, World War 2 and space
exploration. All Belarussians fought heroically defending their Motherland. But
we are especially proud of the heroes of the last war: Baslonov, Osipova,
Gastello, Talalichin, the defenders of Brest Fortress, ect. In the family of
cosmonauts there are 2 Belarussians, Kovalenok and Klimuk. At the present time,
the time of revaluation of values, its difficult to find heroes, especially
among politicians. Time will put everything in its place and give everybody his
due. But one is obvious: great times are created by great men. Their names are
sure to become history whatever it may be.
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