Washington, the capital of the United States is
situatedon the Rotomac River in the District of Columbia. The district is a
piece of land which doesn't belong to any state but to all the states. All
these states are sovereignty.
Under the Constitution, the federal government is
devided into three branches.
The legislative power is vested in Congress and made up
of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representative. There are 435
members in the House of Representative and 100 senators. Each state elects two
members of the 100-member Senate.
The executive branch is headed by the President, who
proposes bills to Congress, enforces federal laws, serves as commander-in-chief
of the Armed Forces and with the approval of the Senate, makes treaties.
President can veto a bill unless Congress by a two-thirds vote shall overrule
The vice President, elected from the same political
party as the Oresident, acts as chairman of the Senate, and in the event of the
death of the President, assumes the Presidency.
The judicial branch is made up of Federal District
Courts, 11 Federal Courts and the Supreme Court. Federal judges are appointed
by the President for life. Federal courts decide cases involving federal law,
conflicts between citizens of different states. The Supreme court may rule the
law to be unconstitutional.
Now about the elections. The President is chosen in nation-wide
elections every 4 years together with the Vice-President.
Constitution. Constitution has been amended 26 times.
The Bill of Rights guarantee individual liberties: freedom of speach, religion
and so on. Later amendments abolish slavery, grant the vote to women and allow
citizens to vote at age 18.
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