New Zealand, an independent state and a member of the
Commonwealth, is situated south-east from Australia. The country consists of
three large islands and also many small islands. New Zealand is a mountainous
country. New Zealand's rivers are short. The climate in New Zealand is warm and
the greater part of the country is well watered. There are good forests of
evergreen trees and large areas are rich grasslands. New Zealand has very few
native animals. The kiwi, a bird which lives in the forest and does not fly, is
found nowhere else in the world. The kiwi is the national emblem of New
The main cities in North Island are Auckland, the
largest city and port, and Wellington, the capital. Christchurch and Dunedin
are the most important towns in South Island. New Zealand is sometimes called
“The Britain of the Pacific”, because the cities and towns of the country
resemble very much those of England. New Zealand's climate with rainfalls all
the year round, is very favourable for dairying, sheep-farming and
cattle-farming, as well as growing fruit, vegetables and flowers.
The population of New Zealand is over three million
people, more than two thirds of whom live in North Is-land. The Maori people
make up eight per cent of the total population. The Maoris are famous for their
folk-songs, music and dances, they are very skilled in wood-work.
New Zealand is a self-governing state and a member of
the Commonwealth. The Governor-General represents the King or Queen of England.
The Parliament of the country consists of one house only, the House of
Representatives. The Prime Minister heads the cabinet. The main political
parties are the Labour Party and the National Party of New Zealand.
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