In March of
1918 Moscow became the capital. The supreme organs of state power and many
central institutions moved to Moscow from Petrograd. It was extremely difficult
in the years of the Civil war to see the image of a new city in deserted and
growth of Moscow's population occurred during the twenties and thirties, in
1931 work began to develop the Master Reconstruction Plan of Moscow, a plan
which many people abroad considered to be vain dream.
The city grew
and changed, the streets and squares became wider, the wooden houses at the
former outskirts disappeared. But the buildings of cultural and historical
value were carefully preserved.
ever, the Kremlin with Red Square is the centre of Moscow. Here Moscow began
more than eight hundred years ago. The city has grown so vast since, the
present and the past are so closely interwoven that one can not embrace it all
villages, distant country estates have become the new residential areas of
Moscow. New dwellings rose not only within the established parts of Moscow but
new neighbourhoods took shape in Tyoply Stan, Orekhovo-Borisovo, Yasenevo.
In the past
century Moscow went through the invasion of Napoleon's army that forced all
Muscovites to leave their city. Moscow was burned down but was never conquered.
Once the enemy was driven away. its inhabitants set about building Moscow anew.
erecting new buildings, the Muscovites take care to preserve its unique
monuments. Its architectural ensembles have been formed over the centuries and
each generation added features of its Lime to the appearance of the city.
The city has
thousands of libraries, schools, kindergartens and nurseries, hundreds of clubs
and cinemas, dozens of higher educational establishments, theatres, museums and
nor convincing figures, however, can give a complete idea of what had been done
in Moscow. One has to visit Moscow plants and factories, to stroll about its
streets and squares, to see its new residential areas.
The Kremlin is
now both a piece of living history and an ensemble of masterpieces of Russian
thing that meets the eye is the redbrick walls of the Kremlin, reinforced by 20
towers, five of which are also gates. The Kremlin's towers are unique in
appearance. Built in 1485, the Tainitsky Tower is the oldest. The highest of
them is the Trinity Tower which is 80 metres tall.
Theatre was opened in 1825. The theatre seats 2,150. The company has more than
Tretyakov Gallery. The gallery's works of Russian fine arts range from unique
mosaics and icons of the 11th century to works of contemporary artists. The
gallery is named after great Russian Connoisseur Pavel Tretyakov who left his
collection as a gift to the nation. It has become one of the most popular
places of interest in Moscow since then.
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