London — the capital of Great Britain is situated on
the Thames River. It is the largest city in Europe with a population of eight
and a quarter million.
It is divided into four parts: the City, Westminster,
the West End and the East End.
The City is the business and commercial heart of
Lon-don. Many banks, offices and firms are concentrated the-re. The Tower and
St. Paul's Cathedral are in the centre. The Tower is about 900 years old. Many
years ago it was a royal residence, then a prison. Now it is a museum. St.
Paul's Cathedral is very large and fine. It was completed in 1710. The famous
English architect Christopher Wren planned and built St. Paul's Cathedral.
If the City is the business part of London,
Westminster is the centre of administration. We can see the Houses of
Parliament there. It is a beautiful building with two towers and a very big
clock called Big Ben. The Houses of Parliament stand in Parliament Square.
Westminster Abbey is opposite the Houses of Parliament. Many great Englishmen
were buried in Westminster Abbey. To the west of Westminster Abbey you can see
Buckingham Pa-lace. It is a royal residence. The ceremony of the chan-ging of
the guards which takes place in front of Bucking-ham Palace is of great
interest to the tourists.
Rich people live in the West End. The best and most
expensive clubs, restaurants and theatres, beautiful houses and parks are
The East End — the district of plants, factories,
slums and docks — is for the working people. London is unlike any other city in
the world. It has rather wide streets but low houses. It looks very grey
because there is so much rain and fog there. Only buses and pillar-boxes are
red. This city has never been planned and it has many parts which are different
from each other.
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