The middle Eastern nation of Kuwait is the second most
prosperous country in the world. It i sthe area's third-largest producer of
oil, surpassed only by Saudi Arabia and Iran. Kuwait has given and loaned
billions of dollars to poorer Arab states, has invested billions in the United
States and other industrial countries and purchased planes and other equipment
for Arab states opposing Israel.
The government also has used its oil to give medical
services, education and social welfare to everyone in Kuwait. Local telephone
service is also free, and almost every family owns at least one car and one TV
set. There no income taxes.
Now I'd like to tell you about the history of Kuwait.
In the 1700s Arab nomads founded the town of Kuwait. Under the leadership Sabah
Abu Abdullah Kuwait's population grew to several thousand (now the population
of Kuwait is about 988 thousands of people). With the discovery of oil in
Kuwait in 1938, and its development after 1945, Iraq decided in 1952 to renew
an ancient claim to Kuwait,
but it was rejected by the British. In 1961 Kuwait
became a fully independent nation. But in 1973 Iraqi troops invaded Kuwait and
only after Saudi Arabia had sent more than 15,000 troops to assist Kuwait, Iraq
withdrew. In March 1975 the government took complete control of the oil and gas
industry from US and other foreign owners, increasing it's annual income to $10
billion or more a year.
Today Kuwait is a monarchy which is ruled by the Emir
Sheikh Saban al-Salim al-Sabah (raigned since 1985). It's area is about 7,7
square miles. Official language is Arabic, but there are also Persian and
English in Kuwait. Religion: Islam. Places of interest are oil wells, modern
city of Kuwait, royal residences and so on.
That's all I would like you to say about Kuwait.
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