Newton, one of the greatest
scientists of all times was born in 1642 in little village in Lincolnshire,
England. His father was a farmer and died before Newton was born. His mother
was a clever woman whom he always loved.
After the school, Newton studied
mathematics at Cambridge University and received his degree in1665. Then the
university was closed because of the danger of plague and Newton went home for
eighteen months. It was most important pe-riod of his life when he made his
three great discoveries - the discoveries of the differential calculuses, of
the nature of white light, and of the law of gravitation.
These discoveries are still
important for the modern science. Newton had always been interested in the
problems of light. Many people saw the colours of a rainbow but only Newton
showed, by his experiments, that white light consists of these colours.
It is interesting how he discovered
the law gravitation. Once, as he sat at the garden, his attention was drawn by
the fall of an apple. Many people saw such an usual thing before. But it was
Newton who asked himself a question: "Why does that apple fall
perpendicularly to the ground? Why doesn't it go sidewards or up-wards?"
The answer to this question was the theory of gravitation, discovered by
Newton died at the age of 84, and
was buried in Westminster Abbey, where his monument stands today.
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