My name is Kostya. My surname is Laznev. I was born in
Moscow on the 23rd of June in 1981. I am a tall thin boy. My hair is dark and
short. My face is oval, my nose is straight. My eyes are large and brown. My
friends say that I am a good-looking boy. I like to dress well. I usually wear
black trousers, light shirts, clean boots. I have a dream to enter the Institute.
I worked hard at school. We studied many subjects such as History, Russian,
Physics, Geography and others. I was fond of English and Physics. And I was
good at them. I think that I am honest, serious and polite. I want to get a
good education and find an interesting and useful work. I have a hobby. I like
to sing songs. My father likes to sing songs too. He knows many good songs and
we usually sing songs together. Nowadays young people don't like classical
music. They prefer pop music. My parents invite me to some very good concerts
of classical music. It is great. I am very grateful to my parents because now I
begin to understand how wrong I was going only to pop concerts. I am proud of
my mother and father. They are musicians. We like to spend our free time
together. We often go to the museums, to the Concert Halls, to the theatres. I
want to say that I respect my parents.
The foundation of the great schools which were named
Universities was everywhere throughout Europe a special mark of the new impulse
that Christendom had got from the Crusades. A new desire for study sprang up in
the West from its contact with the more cultured East. Oxford and Cambridge are
the oldest universities in England. Both of these universities are very
beautiful. They have some of the finest architecture in Britain. Some of their
colleges, chapels and libraries arc three, four and even five hundred years
old, and are full of valuable books and precious paintings. Of the early
history of Cambridge little is known, but enough remains to enable us to trace
the early steps by which Oxford gained its intellectual glory. The history of
Cambridge is believed to begin in 1209 when several hundred students and
scholars arrived at the little town of Cambridge after having walked 60 miles from
Oxford According to the custom they joined themselves into
"Universitas" or a society of people with common employment. Only
later they came to be associated with scholarship.
Cambridge won independence from the Town rule in 1500.
Students were of different ages and came from everywhere. Gradually the idea of
the College developed and in 1284 Peter-house, the oldest College in Cambridge
was established. In 1440 King Henry VI founded King's College, and other
colleges followed. The first college of Oxford University was founded in 1249.
At that time with the revival of classic studies many teachers became enemies
of parliament, and the Church. The lectures of Vicarious on the Civil Law at
Oxford were prohibited by the English king. Now the university of Oxford has
thirty-five colleges and about thirteen thousand students. There were no women
students at Oxford until 1878, when the first women's college, Lady Margaret
Hall, was up. Now, most colleges are open to men and women. Oxford is famous
for its first-class education as well as its beautiful buildings. Many students
want to study there. It is not easy to get a place at Oxford University to
study for a degree. But outside the university there are many smaller private
colleges which offer less difficult courses and where it is easy to enroll.
architecture - архитектура
valuable - ценный
Christendom - Христианский мир
Crusade - крестовый поход
spring up -
revival of classic studies - возрождение классических наук
prohibit - запрещать
- ученая степень
enroll - зачислять
1. When were the first universities set up in Europe?
2. When did the history of Cambridge begin?
3. When did Cambridge win independence from the Town
4. When were Cambridge Colleges founded?
5. When was the first college of Oxford University
6. Did medieval kings and Parliaments welcome the
foundation of universities?
7. Where and when was the first women's college
8. What is Oxford university famous for?
данной работы были использованы материалы с сайта http://nota.triwe.net/