In 1286 the king of Scotland died. About ten barons
wanted to become the king of Scotland. They asked Edward the First of England
to decide the question. He came with a strong army and said that he was the
overlord of Scotland since that time. Then he chose John Balliol to be the king
of Scotland, but people of the country were against. They did not want Edward
to be their overlord and began to fight for their independence. Their leader
was William Wallace.
The English sent an army to Scotland but Wallace
destroyed it. Then Edward came with his army, defeated Wallace and killed him.
The Scots found a new leader Robert Bruce. He became the king of Scotland.
Edward sent an army against him and Bruce had to hide
in the mountains. Only few friends were with him. Their life was difficult.
At last Bruce organised an army that was ready to
fight. In the battle near a place called Bannockburn the Scots won the
independence of their country. This was in 1314. Robert Bruce was the king of
Scotland till 1321 when he died.
It 1603 Scotland and England were united. In that year
James VI of Scotland became James I of England.
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