The United Kingdom of G.B. and Northen Irelands is
situated on the British Isles/ The British Isles consists of two large islands,
G.B. and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is
over 244,000 square kilometres.
The UK is made up of four countries:England, Wales,
Scotland and Northen Ireland. GB consists of England, Scotland and Wales and
doesn't include Northen Ireland. The capital of the UK is London.
The British Isles are separated from European
continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of GB is
washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.
The surface of the British Isles varies very much. The
north of Scotland is mountainous and is called the Highlands, while the south,
which has beautiful valleys and plains, is called the Lowlands.
There are a lot of rivers in GB, but they are not very
long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the
most important one.
The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters
if Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. The weather in GB is
very changeable. A fine morning can change into a wet afternoon and evening and
the wrong side out. The english people say:"Other countries have a
climate; in England we have weather." The English also say that they have
three variants of weather: when it rains in the morning, when it rains in the
afternoon or twhen it rains all day long.
The weather is the favourite conversational topic in
GB. After they greet each other they start talking the weather.
The best time of the year in GB is spring(of course,
it rains in spring too). The two worst months in britain are January and
February. They are cold, damp and unpleasant. The best place in the world then
is at home by the big fire. Summer months are rather cold and there can be a
lot of rainy days. So most people who look forward to summer holidays, plan to
go abroad for the summer.
The most unpleasant aspect of English weather is fog
and smog. This is extremely bad in big
cities especially in London. The fog spreads everywhere so cars move along
slowly and people can't see each other. They try not to be run over by a car
but still accidents are frequent in the fog.
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