Great Britain is situated on the British Isles. It
consists of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, and is one thirtieth
the size of Europe. Great Britain is surrounded by seas on all sides and is
separated from the continent by the North Sea and the English Channel.
There are many rivers in Britain. They are not long
but some of them are deep. The longest river is the Severn. There are many
mountains in the north of England and in Scotland but they are not very high.
The highest mountain in Great Britain is Ben Nevis. There are many lakes in
Scotland. The most beautiful is Loch Lomond.
Great Britain has a very good position as it lies on
the crossways of the sea routes from Europe to the other parts of the world.
There are many countries which are connected with Great Britain by sea. Thanks
to Gulf Stream the climate of Great Britain is mild. It is often foggy and
rainy. The summer is not very hot and the winter is not very cold.
Great Britain is a highly developed industrial
country. It lives by manufacture and trade. Its agriculture provides only half
the food it needs, the other half of its food has to be imported. Britain is
one of the most highly industrialised countries in the world: for every person
employed in agriculture, eleven are employed in mining, manufacturing and
building. The main branches of British economy are engineering, mining,
ship-building, motor vehicle manufacturing, textile, chemistry, electronics,
fishing and food processing. The industrial centres of Great Britain are
London, Manchester, Eirmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, Sheffield and others.
As to its political system it is a constitutional
monarchy. The power of the Queen (now Elizabeth) is limited by Parliament which
includes two Houses — the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The Prime
Minister is usually the head of the party which is in power. There are the
following parties there: the Conservative Party, the Labour Party and the
Great Britain is a country of strong attraction for
tourists, especially in spring and summer. The charm of it lies in its variety
of scenery: the finest combination of sea and high land, the valleys of South
Wales, the smiling or-chards of Kent, the sea lakes of Scotland, its fields and
woodland parks — everything is quiet and green.
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