2 is the Queen of Great Britain. She was born in Windsor on 21 April 1926. Her full name is
Elizabeth-Mary-Alexander Windsor. Her pet name is Lilibet. She was educated at
home, taught to read and write by her parents. She knew foreign languages. Elizabeth
was made her speech on the radio in 1940. She was learned to drive. She was
married Prince Philip in 1947. Her first son Prince Charles was born in 1948.
She came to throne in 1952. Elizabeth was crowned in Westminster Abbey on 2
Now she plays an important role in
the country. She travels a lot. The Queen has got four children: Prince
Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward. She has five official
residences in Britain; Buckingham Palace and Windsor among them.
I'd like to speak about Elizabeth 1
and Queen Victoria. Elizabeth 1 came to throne in 1558. She had many of her
father's qualities including common sense and the strength of character. Like
him, she understood the people. She loved hunting and dancing. She traveled a
lot round the country. She wanted to know her people and to be known by them.
Her soldiers and sailors admired her courage [мужество]. The universities were surprised at her
leaning, for she could speak Latin, Greek and several modern languages. She enjoyed
a joke. During her reign Queen Elizabeth solved her first problem, the Church.
The Anglican Church under Elizabeth followed a middle course. Most people in
Britain wanted what her father, Henry 8, had given them: a reformed Catholic
Church that used the English language and was free from foreign influence. And
they got what they wanted. Elizabeth's next problem was to keep her enemies
quiet until her country was strong enough to defend itself. The greatest danger
came from Spain. In July 1588 the Spanish Armada of 130 Spanish ships arrived
in the Channel. The English ships were faster than slow Armada. The English
guns could shoot farther. After the battle less than half of the proud Armada
came back to its home ports. This defeat of Spain was very important for
England, though some people said that the Spanish Armada was defeated more by
bad weather than by English guns.
During Elizabeth's reign England
sent its explorers to different lands. They tried to find a quick way to India
round the north of Russia. As a result they came to Archangelsk, were welcomed
in Moscow and opened a new trade with Russia. England wanted to find empty
lands where it could plant her own colonies. Queen Elizabeth's reign was also
famous for arts and theater development. Elizabeth was a good musician herself.
English music was then among the best in Europe. Many great men whote poety,
drama was also famous. William Shakespeare's plays were written in the years of
Queen Victoria was a strong queen.
Her monument you can see in front of Buckingham Palace. Queen Victoria came to
throne in 1837 and reigned until her death in 1901. She ruled for the longest
period in the English history, for 64 years! Victoria married a German, Prince
Albert, but he died at the age of 42 in 1861. That was a great tragedy for
Queen Victoria. She left London and never lived in the city where she had been
so happy with her husband and nine children (5 daughters and 4 sons). But there
are places in London that reminds us of their love. One of them is the Royal
Albert Hall - a very large concert hall where the best musicians of the world
perform classical music. In front of the Albert Hall there is a monument to
Prince Albert built by Queen Victoria. Another place is theVictoria and Albert
museum (V & A) with its rich collections of paintings and other works of
art. The family life of Queen Victoria touched people's hearts. But this is not
only reason why Queen Victoria became very popular. During her reign Britain
became a rich industrial country with a developed trade, an empire with a lot
The most brilliant period of English
literature was in the second half of the 16'th and beginning of 17'th century.
Sometimes it's called "Elizabethan age" after queen Elizabeth V. England
had become a great world power. It had established wide commercial contact with
countries And rich trading company had been organized. The English people were
now a great nation and the English language enriched was now not unlike the
language of Chaucer. Many famous poetical and prose works appeared. Among those
who enriched the literary heritage of this period ere sir Philip Sydney, Adnond
Spenser and Christopher Marlowe. There were fine works of poetry and prose in
the Elizabethan age but the greatest height's of literature of this period were
reached in drama.
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