I know English boys and girls begin to go to school(it
is called "infant") at five; at seven they go to junior schools or
departments; at eleven they go to secondary schools. (After selection
procedures at the age of eleven they can study at different types of secondary
shool: grammar schools which provide an academic education oriented toeards
university entry; secondary modern schools which were originally designed to
give a general education with a practical bias(уклон); a few secondary technics schools
offering a general education related to industry, commerce and agriculture; and
schools providing all three or any two types of education, in separately
orginized streams known as multilateral or bilateral schools).
These schools consist of denominational and
non-denominational schools. I'd like to yell you about non-denominational
school. One must study there for 6 years. It's open to all boys and girls.
There are the six years in this school.
During the first year all classes
recieve the same basic core of subjects namely English, maths, history,
geography, science, French, art, music, P.E., technical subjects & home
economics. Toward the end of the second year pupils are asked to make their
subject choices for third and forth years. Desicions on this stage are only
taken after interviews involving parents, staff and the pupils themselfs. The
curriculum in 3rd and 4th years consistsof compulsory section (обязательное разделение) which includes English, math and an
options section made up of those subjects choosen by the pupil at the end of
the second year. Optionl cources are designed to give a sound basic education.
The system of higher education in Britain includes
universities, colleges of education and advanced cources at various colleges.
There are more than 44 universities in Britain. But
not all universities are equil. They differ from one another in history and
tradition. The oldest and world-known universities are Oxford and Cambridge.
A university usually consists of colleges. The
departments of the colleges are organized into faculties. In the university
students have a series of lectures, seminars, tutorials and laboratory classes.
Lectures are given to large groups of students while seminars are much smaller
than lectures. Lectures and seminars are all one hour in length, laboratory
classes last 2 or 3 hours. The academic year devides into 3 terms. First two
termslast for 24 weeks; the 3rd term is reserved for classes and examinations
and lasts for six weeks.
After three years of study a university graduate will
leave with the Degree of Bachelor of Arts or Science. Student can continue to
take his Master's Degree and then the Doctor's.
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