Burne-Jones, Sir Edward Coley, professional name of EDWARD
COLEY JONES (1833-1898), English painter, designer, and illustrator, born in
Birmingham and educated at the University of Oxford. Trained by the
Pre-Raphaelite painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Burne-Jones shared the Pre-Raphaelites'
concern with restoring to art what they considered the purity of form,
stylization, and high moral tone of medieval painting and design. His
paintings, inspired by medieval, classical, and biblical themes, are noted for
their sentimentality and dreamlike romanticized style; they are generally
considered among the finest works of the Pre-Raphaelite school. They include King
Cophetua and the Beggar Maid (1884, Tate Gallery, London).
was also prominent in the revival of medieval applied arts led by his Oxford
friend the poet and artist William Morris. For Morris's firm he designed
stained-glass windows, mosaics, and tapestries. His windows can be seen in many
English churches, including Christ Church, Oxford, and Birmingham Cathedral. He
also illustrated books of Morris's Kelmscott Press, notably Chaucer (1896).
Burne-Jones was knighted in 1894.
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