Until reccently the
history of the english theatre has been build around actors rather then
companies. It has been hard to find any London theatre that even had a
consistent policy. There are no permanent staff in British theatres. Apply is
rehearsed for a few weeks by a company of actors working together mostly for
the first time and it is allowed to run as long as it draws the odious and pays
of the theatres in Great Britain is an follows: there are two kinds of seats,
which can be booked an advanced (bookable), and unbookable once have no numbers
and the spectators occupy them on the principal: first come - first served. And
ancient times plays were acted inside churches and later on the market places.
The first theatre
in England "The Blackfries" build in 1576, and "The Globe"
build in 1599, which is closely connected with William Shakespeare. Speaking
about our times we should first of all mention "The English National
theatre","The Royal Shakespeare company" and "Covent
Garden" used to be a fashionable promenade - it was, before then, a
convent garden - but when it became overrun with flower-sellers, orange-vendors
and vegetable-growers, the people moved to more exclusive surroundings farther
west, such as "St. Jame's Square".
"Covent Garden theatre" was build in 1732. It was burnt down in 1808
and rebuild exactly a year after. It opened in September 1809, with
Shakespeare's "Macbeth". Since the middle of the last century
"Covent Garden" became exclusively devoted to opera.
Garden" in busier than ever, it is one of the few well-known opera houses
open for 11 months of the year and it employs over 600 people both of the Opera
company and the Royal Ballet.
It took over the
hundred years to establish a national theatre company. It's first director from
1962 was Lawrence Olivier. This is the first state theatre Britain has ever
had. A special building for it was opened in 1976. It has three theatres in
one: "The Oliver theatre", the biggest is for the main classical
repertoire; "The Lyttilton", a bit smaller is for new writing and for
visiting foreigh countries and "The Cottesloe theatre", the smallest
is used for experimental writing and productions. "The Royal Shakespeare
company" are devided between the country and the capital and it's produces
plays mainly by Shakespeare and his contempraries when it performs is
"Stratford -on-Avon", and modern plays in it's two auditoria in the
Cities, Barbican centre.
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