Baburen, Dirck van (b. c. 1595, Utrecht; d. 1624,
Utrecht). Dutch painter of religious works, history pieces and genre scenes, a
leading member of the Utrecht school.
studying painting in Utrecht with Paulus Moreelse, a portraitist and history
painter, he traveled (c. 1612) to Rome, where his style became strongly
influenced by the work of the Italian painter Caravaggio, whose dramatic
contrasts between light and dark he found particularly fascinating. His most
important Italian commission was the decoration of a chapel in the Church of
San Pietro in Montorio, Rome (1615-20), which included his Entombment
(1617). He carried out this commission together with his friend and colleague
David de Haen.
1620 Baburen returned to Utrecht, where he shared a studio with Hendrick Ter
Brugghen in about 1622-23. Although he died in 1624, he played a leading role,
with Honthorst and Ter Brugghen, in establishing Utrecht as a stronghold of the
Caravaggesque style. The Utrecht artists adopted Caravaggio's chiaroscuro and
realism. As Caravaggio, who often painted ordinary labourers, they chose models
with weather-beaten faces and often portrayed them larger than life and dramatically
lit from one side. The influence of Caravaggio may be seen in his Christ
Crowned with Thorns (two versions, at the Franciscan House, Weert,
Netherlands, and at Drury-Lowe Collection, Locko Park, England), based on a
lost painting by the master.
was especially fond of genre scenes (subjects from everyday life), such as his
best-known work, The Procuress (1622; Museum of Fine Arts,
Boston). This picture is seen in the background of two paintings by Vermeer,
whose mother-in-law apparently owned it. A certain coarseness in conception,
irregular compositional rhythms, and less atmospheric quality distinguish
Baburen's art from that of his greater contemporaries, but his manner of
painting can be said to be broad and forceful.
city of Utrecht was the center of Catholic life in the otherwise Protestant
Dutch republic, and Baburen was one of a group of Utrecht painters who, unlike
most of their Dutch contemporaries, had studied in Catholic Rome. Influenced by
the Italian master Caravaggio, these artists specialized in painting large,
half-length figures, brought close to the picture surface and solidly modeled
in strongly contrasting light and shadow. In this spirited image of mercenary
love, an amorous client bargains with a procuress (one who solicits clients for
a prostitute) for the favors of a voluptuous young woman. The figures' colorful
costumes suggest street entertainers or characters in a play. A lute, symbol of
love, occupies the center of the composition and the gestures of the hands that
surround it tell the painting's story.
he painted mainly religious subjects, Baburen also created scenes of ordinary
life on occasion. His Procuress of 1622 was sufficiently admired fifty years
later that the great Dutch master, Vermeer, included it in the background of
several of his pictures.
(French) and chiaroscuro (Italian) both mean 'light-dark'. The two terms are
used to denote sharp contrasts of light and dark in paintings, drawings and
prints. Although the effect was already in use before, the term came into vogue
in the late 16th century. The word originates in Italy. The painter Caravaggio
(1573-1610) made chiaroscuro his trademark. He was a master at painting dark
scenes illuminated by a single ray of light.
подготовки данной работы были использованы материалы с сайта http://www.ibiblio.org/louvre/paint/