Liverpool, as the maritime capital
of Britain, has a reputation as an unglamorous working-class town, and it is
tragedy deserted dockside area reflects the hardships wrought by the economic
change of the 1980s. Yet mo Liverpool can boast of world-class theatres, a
symphony orchestra, a variety of restaurants and thriving nightly. Liverpool is
a world city of international renown, with its instantly recognizable
waterfront, unique accent and famous sons and daughters. Based in the heart of
Northwest England, Liverpool is also Britain's favourite day trip destination
according to the national tourist board.
Liverpool, with its famous
waterfront on the River Mersey, is a great shipping port and industrial center.
King John launched it on its road to glory when he granted it a charter in
1207. Before that, it had been a tiny 12th-century fishing village, but it
quickly became a port for shipping men and materials to Ireland. In the 18th
century, it grew to prominence because of the sugar, spice, and tobacco trade
with the Americans. By the time Victoria came to the throne, Liverpool had
become Britain’s biggest commercial seaport.
As the birthplace of the Beatles,
Liverpool has long been a popular tourist attraction. But the Beatle heritage
is the character of the «Scouse» people than in such workaday landmarks as
Strawberry Fields and the «Eleanor Indeed», the fabled Cavern Club, where the
Beatles honed their craft, has been razed. The real secret of the Beatles
dockside melting pot ensured a continual influx of less-than-proper music and
attitudes from overseas. Visitors who simply must get the official version of
events are directed to the city-sponsored Beatle exhibit and Dock. The Albert
Dock itself is widely considered Britain’s most successful large-scale tourist
Recent refurbishing of the Albert
Dock, the establishment of a Maritime Museum, and the conversion of warehouses
into little stores similar to those in Ghirardelli Square in San Francisco have
made this an up-and-coming area once again, with many attractions for visitors.
Liverpudlians are proud of their city, with its new hotels, two cathedrals,
shopping and entertainment complexes, and parks. And of course, whether they
are fans of the Fab Four or not, most visitors to Liverpool want to see where
European Capital of
Culture - what does it mean?
From 2005, there will be a new
European Capital of Culture every year. This is a revival of the well-known
City of Culture programme, which benefited Glasgow so much back in 1990.Far
from being just another title; it is an ideal opportunity to celebrate the
cultural accomplishments of Europe's great cities and to involve the community
as a whole in that celebration. It is also an opportunity for further
development. Glasgow experienced substantial economic and social benefits
during its period as the City of Culture, both strengthening and promoting its
own impressive regeneration. In 2008, the European Capital of Culture will be
in the UK and Liverpool is one of the cities bidding for the title. Competition
will be fierce, but the title is very much worth the battle, and Liverpool's
claim is a very strong one indeed. Our bid team has the support of not just the
City Council but also many cultural and business leaders. When the people of
Liverpool get behind the bid too, we can and will be the European Capital of
Culture in 2008.The benefits of winning the title are quite tangible. It will
do so much more than simply throw the spotlight on all of the city's cultural
and artistic achievements. The world already knows about the Beatles and our
famous football teams. The title will enable us to tell a more complete story,
encompassing everything from the Tate in Liverpool to the many events of the
Liverpool festivals. Specific benefits to the city will also include local and
regional regeneration, increased tourism, greater business activity and an
overall increase in cultural activities. Just as importantly, the title will
remind everyone in the region - and indeed the country - that Liverpool is very
much a city to be proud of. Competition is now under way and the Government
will publish a shortlist of candidates in the last quarter of 2002, with the
final UK nomination decided in spring of 2003.At that point, the winning city
will be able to start using the title European Capital of Culture 2008 and to
start preparing in earnest for its year of tenure.
A range of theatres offer first
class productions to rival London's West End and many tourists just come to
Liverpool for its exciting nightlife. The city center has a wide choice of
cafes, bars, pubs and clubs. Mathew Street, the home of the Cavern Club, still
attracts thousands of Beatles fans from all over the world. The city is alive
with musicians, poets, writers, artists, painters, sculptors, designers and
architects - further enhancing its image as a European city of culture.
Liverpool is bidding to be the European Capital of Culture in 2008. Liverpool
is also a serious sporting city. Liverpool and Everton football clubs are
renowned the world over. Liverpool is also home to the world's most famous
horse race, the Grand National at Aintree.
Liverpool is also famed for its
monumental architecture, which includes the gold-domed town hall and the large
in England. A combination of high and low culture is evolving at the Liverpool
Institute for Performing Arts, founded and fu McCartney.
Liverpool’s most important building
architecturally is St George’s Hall, situated on St George’s Plateau on the world-famous
Lime Street. Described as the finest Greco-Roman building in Europe, St
George’s Hall was designed by 24 years-old Harvey Lonsdale Elms. Elms didn’t
live to see his masterpiece completed. His friend and mentor, C.R. Cockerell,
was brought into finish the building. Today, St George’s Hall serves as a home
for music festivals and the Assize Courts. The grandeur of St George’s Hall
rewards the visitor arriving from Lime Street Station with a remarkable first
impression of the city.
Liverpool retains a large part of
its Georgian heritage. Although a considerable amount has been lost this
century, the city has more Georgian buildings than Bath. Many of those
remaining have been sensitively restored. This can be seen in the Rodney Street
area, created by wealthy merchants at the end of the 18th century. The
extensive network of streets and squares between the city’s two cathedrals is
home to both the University of Liverpool and the John Moore’s University. This
area still captures the elegance of an earlier era.
The Arts in
If the Arts is your passion, there
are three important buildings side by side on William Brown Street: The Walker
Art Gallery, acknowledged as housing one of the best collections of European
art outside London; William Brown Library; Liverpool
Classical music lovers will find the
home o the renowned Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra at the Philharmonic
Hall, Hope Street.
Along the street is the much-loved
theatre repertory company, the Everyman Theatre. On the subject of theatres,
sample a little theatre history by visiting the Playhouse (Williamson Square),
Britain’s longest established repertory theatre. Three other theatres in the
city are well worth a visit: The Royal Court (Roe Street), The Neptune (Hanover
Street) and The Empire (Lime Street).
Wildlife, Walks & Parks in
Tere are hundreds of acres of
woodland and heath to be explored in Wirral. Why not start visiting Bidston
Hill, Heswall Dales Local Nature Reserve, and Wirral Country Park (which
includes the 12 mile footpath known as the Wirral Way starting at West Kirby)?
For something slightly different,
try Hilbre Island Local Nature Reserve off West Kirby. Access to the Island is
restricted by tides, which cut it off from the shore twice a day. Hilbre provides
an ideal spot to see a wealth o wading and migratory birds, as well as famous
There are some outstanding walks
around the coastline of the peninsula. The North Wirral Coastal Park stretches
over 4 miles along the coast with the Irish Sea. You can also fill your lungs
with sea air on the various beaches in Wirral.
Of particular interest is the Red
Rocks at Hoylake, one of the finest beaches in the area. Or stroll along the
pleasant beachside promenades at New Brighton and West Kirby, where there is
also the sunning Marine Lake (left).
For more formal facilities, visit
Birkenhead Park, the first municipal park in the world and the forerunner and
model for Central Park in New York City.
Or spend some time at Ness Botanic
Gardens, the Internationally renowned Botanic Garden with extensive displays of
seasonal flowers, shrubs and trees, including Rhododendrons and Azaleas.
Wonderful Rock, Terrace, Rose and Water gardens.
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