体睨

秒噔磬
澡磬眈 溴睃汨 磬腩汨
如溧蝈朦耜铄 溴腩 镱腓沭圄
皖忮轼 桉蝾痂 镱腓蝾腩汨
翌镨觇 镱 囗汶栝耜铎 琨牦
哏铉磬龛 翳腩腩汨
砧扈
蓐铍钽 铛疣磬 镳桊钿
篷蝈耱忸珥囗桢
锐牦耨蜮 牦朦蝮疣
鼠朦蝮痤腩汨
疹轳蜮屙眍 镳噔
软铖蝠囗睇 琨觇 琨觐珥囗桢
锐蝾痂 桉蝾痂麇耜桢 腓黜铖蜩
暑祆箜桕圉梃 疋琰 鲨麴钼 镳栳铕 疣滂铨脲牝痤龛赅
翌忄痤忮溴龛
茵囗耧铕
蓐铍钽 铛疣磬 蝠箐
拎黻钼耜铄 徼疰邂铄 溴腩
暑祆箜桕圉梃 疋琰
暑眈蜩蝮鲨铐眍 镳噔
蒡桕
             
袜篦眍-钺疣珙忄蝈朦睇 镱痱嚯
W-10.RU
秒噔磬

物桉 OrCAD 9.2

物桉 OrCAD 9.2

翘惭

埋蝮

1. 青汔朦沓 獬漕祛耱 耜豚 牙闲 OrCAD 9.2

1.1 袜豚筲囗 镳铄牝

1.2 羊忸疱眄/鈏潢痂蝌 漕牦戾眚

1.3 羊忸疱眄 疱溧泱忄眄 聃屐 咫尻蝠梓眍 镳桧鲨镱忸

1.4 橡铖蜞眍怅 镱玷龀轫桴 眍戾鸪, 镥疱獬痍 镳铄牝, 耜豚溧眄 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃 羿殡斥 玮瞅斥

2. 殃豚溧眄 忮溴眄 岢犭愁蝈

2.1 殃豚溧眄 忮溴眄 岢犭愁蝈 耔焘铍斥 咫屐屙虺

2.2 殃豚溧眄 忮溴眄 岢犭愁蝈 镱襦漕黜桴 斐聆 (觐痫篑斥) 咫屐屙虺

3. 袜豚筲囗 镳铄牝 痤珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙虺 OrCAD Layout Plus 9.2

3.1. 青忄眚噫屙 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃 蝈蹴铍钽橱眍泐 犭铐

3.2 袜豚筲囗 镟疣戾蝠斥 镳铄牝 OrCAD Layout 镥疱汶 怆囫蜩忸耱彘 咫屐屙虺 镳铄牝

3.3 袜豚筲囗 耱疣蝈愠 觐祜铐钼觇 蝠囫筲囗 OrCAD Layout

3.4 羊忸疱眄 觐眚箴 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹

3.5 棱蝾爨蜩黜 觐祜铐钼赅 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹

4. 茵囫筲囗 镳钼充龛瓿 OrCAD Layout Plus 9.2

4.1 袜豚筲囗 镟疣戾蝠斥 蝠囫筲嚯桕 OrCAD Layout

4.2 畜黜 噔蝾爨蜩黜 蝠囫筲囗 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 OrCAD Layout

4.3 棱蝾爨蜩黜 蝠囫筲囗 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 OrCAD SmartRoute

扬桉铌 氤蝈疣蝮痂

埋蝮

谐忮睃 痤玮栩牦 耋鬣耥桴 疣涑铄脲牝痤眄桴 玎耦岢 礤扈耠桁栝 徨 怄桠囗 耔耱屐 噔蝾爨蜩珙忄眍泐 镳铄牝筲囗 (牙闲) 磬 鸪珥桴 弪囡圊 痤琊钺觇 忤痤犴桷蜮 囡囵囹箴. 武沓湖 镱涑犴桴 耔耱屐 牙闲 OrCAD 舫痨 Cadence Design Systems. 袜 顸钽钿沓抽 溴睃, 镳铋怿 珥圜眢 漕痤泱 镱 怃铖觐磬脲眄 疋钽 镳钿箨蝮, OrCAD 耔耱屐铪,  漕玮铍 痤琊钺龛牦 漕耔螯 觐痤蜿 蝈痨稠 耱忸瘙忄蜩, 祛溴膻忄蜩 咫尻蝠铐沓 聃屐, 痤琊钺蜩 漯箨囵顸瓿 镫囹 泐蝮忄蜩 旷 漕 忤痤犴桷蜮. 铣潋痂礻 忤痤犴桕囔 咫屐屙虺 忤痤犴梓钽 篑蜞蜿筲囗 皴疱漕忤 OrCAD 漕玮铍 块 镱 镳噔 忖噫囹桉 钿龛 牮帙桴 镟赍虺.

1. 青汔朦沓 獬漕祛耱 耜豚 牙闲 OrCAD 9.2

牙闲 OrCAD - 稠蝈沭钼囗 镳钽疣祉 玎徨顼鬻屙, 镳桤磬麇礤 潆 牮崇眍泐 镳铄牝筲囗 疣涑铄脲牝痤眄桴 镳桉蝠羁.

务钺腓獬耱 耔耱屐 OrCAD 祛骓 獬溏磬麒蜩 玎瓿眵屙绸螯 铌疱扈 耜豚漕忤,  襦祛耱抽龛扈 镟赍蜞扈. 湾爨 镳钽疣扈,  铛铒膻, 嚯 钺斐 漕牦戾眚囔 獬溽筲嗪螯 噔蝾爨蜩黜, 蜞赍 鸪眄 珈屙 忤祛汨 漕 疱耋瘃斥 镳桉觐瘙 钺斐 斐 镟赍蜞扈. 岔蝈沭圉 镟赍虺 潆 痤犷蜩 獬溽筲嗪螯 镳 痤犷虺, 礤 镳 稠耱嚯龀, 蝾祗 礤爨 镳钺脲 痤犷蜩 铌疱祛祗 镟赍虺 徨 玎矬耜 稠. 项忭栝 觐祜脲牝 镳钽疣 (痂.1) 耜豚溧候 磬耱箫龛 镟赍虺:

OrCAD Capture - 沭圄橱龛 疱溧牝铕 聃屐 咫尻蝠梓龛 镳桧鲨镱忤.

OrCAD Capture CIS - 疱溧牝铕 镳桧鲨镱忤 聃屐 祛骐桠绸蟒 忮溴眄 徉 溧龛 觐祜铐屙虺, 蝾祗 麒耠 玎 漕镱祛泐 Internet (潆 玎疱厚蝠钼囗桴 觐痂耱筲圜斥 漕耱箫沓 岢朦 200 蜩 磬殪屙筲囗 鸪珥桴 觐祜铐屙虺).

OrCAD Pspice (铖眍忭 忮瘃), ORCAD Pspice A/D (忮瘃 潆 珈厨囗钽 祛溴膻忄眄 囗嚯钽钼桴 鲨麴钼桴 镳桉蝠羁) 噌 ORCAD Pspice A/D Basics (蝈 襦戾, 嚯 徉珙忤 觐祜脲牝铎 岢犭愁蝈) 祛溴膻忄眄.

OrCAD Layout (铖眍忭栝 镟赍) 噌 ORCAD Layout Plus (痤瑛桊屙栝 觐祜脲牝) 疱溧牝铕 漯箨囵顸觇 镫囹.

觐祜脲牝 镱耱圜囗 疱溧牝铕 漯箨囵顸觇 镫囹 怩钿螯 漕溧蜿钼 镳钽疣扈 潆 镳铎虫眍泐 蝠囫筲囗 SmartRoute (徨耨弪铟睇 噔蝾蝠囫筲嚯桕), 镟赍 Visual CADD 镱 漕忮溴眄 戾踵沓黜桴 踵疣牝屦桉蜩 镫囹 玮'珀 AUTOCAD 镟赍蝾 镱 漕忮溴眄 鸪 漕 忤祛 忤痤犴桷蜮 GerbTool.

1.1 袜豚筲囗 镳铄牝

疹鬣 怦 磬豚筲囗, 瓿 锣 礤钺醭漤, 祛骓 忤觐磬蜩 镳铞羼 痤犷蜩 磬 镳铄牝铎, 怦 徉驵眍 镳桎畴栩 快 蝠铛 鬣耋 镳 锍溷铗钼龀.

铣耠 玎矬耜 OrCAD Capture, 忤徨疱蝈 戾睨 Options. 碾 磬豚筲囗 锣 漕耱箫沓 磬耱箫沓 矬黻蜩:

1. Design Template - 犭铐 镳铄牝斥 - 忤珥圜嗪 怦 踵疣牝屦桉蜩觇 玎 箪钼鬣眄 潆 怦初 镳铄牝斥,  耱忸瘙 磬 溧沓 耔耱屐 (蜞犭.1).

2. Preference - 玎溧 镟疣戾蝠 聃屐, 瓿 稠出赤氤珞忄腓 镳 觐骓铎 玎矬耜 ORCAD Capture (蜞犭.2).

1.2 羊忸疱眄/恹潢痂蝌 漕牦戾眚

碾 耱忸疱眄/恹潢痂蝌 镳铄牝 忤徨鸪螯 戾睨 File 锍潇稠 New/Open 噌 耜铕桉蜞轵羼 觌噔厨妣 Create document/Open 戾睨 桎觐泐 漕耱箫. 泪 耱忸痂蜩 镳铄牝 忤徨鸪螯 戾睨 Projects 噌 噌 耱忸痂蜩 聃屐 戾睨 Design. 镥瘌铎 忤镟潢 锣 镳铒铐蠛螯 忤岢 耧祛忄眍耱 镳铄牝 - 祛溴膻忄眄 (Analog or Mixed A/D) 痤琊钺赅 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 (醒 Board Wizard), 耱忸疱眄 聃屐 (Schematic). 铖蜞眄祗 - 妈 獬漯噻 镳桉蝮镟候 漕 耱忸疱眄 镳桧鲨镱忸 聃屐. 脏殡 镳铄牝 OrCAD Capture 爨 痤瑛桊屙 *.opj 斐耱栩 玎耠囗 磬 踌屙 怦初 羿殡斥 忤觐痂耱钼筲囗桴 镳铄牝, 蝈 羿殡 铌疱扈 聃屐 *.dsn, 羿殡 岢犭愁蝈, 蝈犟蝾獬 羿殡 VHDL 羿殡 玮瞅斥.

埋 疱耋瘃 狍潼-觐泐 镳铄牝 OrCAD Capture 珥圊钿螯 冷斐沓耱疣蝾痤獬 镳铄牝 (痂.2).

冷斐沓耱疣蝾 镳铄牝 斐耱栩 溻 玎觌噤觇 - File Hierarchy.

玎觌噤龀 File 绯狃囗 铕汔沓珙忄沓 怦 疱耋瘃, 礤钺醭漤 潆 耱忸疱眄 忮溴眄 镳铄牝 (Design Resources) 祛溴膻忄眄 (Simulation Resources).

义赅 羿殡 镳铄牝 *.dsn 斐耱栩 钿眢 噌 岢朦 耱铕稠铌 聃屐 赍 镳铄牝 (Design Cache), 觐祗 玑屦炽帼螯 怦 咫屐屙蜩,  斐耱螯 镳铄牝.

义赅 Outputs 斐耱栩 怦 玎耠囗 磬 忤醭漤 玮瞅 镳铄牝. 义赅 Referenced Projects 玑屦炽嗪 玎耠囗 磬 稠 镳铄牝. 青觌噤赅 Hierarchy 獬漕狃噫蠛 澈疣瘐橱沓 玮'珀 斐 聃屐铪 靠 耱铕稠赅扈.

碾 耱忸疱眄 眍忸泐 囵牦 聃屐 镳铄牝 冷斐沓耱疣蝾疣 镳铄牝 忤徼疣候 戾睨 Design/New Schematic. 碾 觐骓钽 囵牦 聃屐 祛骓 怦蜞眍忤蜩 怆囫沓 镟疣戾蝠, 忤觐痂耱钼簋麒 戾睨 Options/Schematic Page Properties.

Schematic Page Properties - 篑蜞眍怅 镟疣戾蝠斥 镱蝾黜羁 (嚓蜩忭铪) 耱铕稠觇 镳铄牝 (钿桧桷 忤斐痼, 痤珈仇 耱铕稠觇, 眢戾疣龀, 痂磬 瓿朦瓿耱 珙 耱铕稠觇, 铗钺疣驽龛/镥鬣螯 疣礻, 囔矬 癯蜿). 泥沓 镟疣戾蝠 镱涑犴 漕 玎汔朦龛 篑蜞眍忸 涑 戾驵 嚓蜩忭羁 耱铕稠觇. 轻屦炽帼螯 镳铄牝.

1.3 羊忸疱眄 疱溧泱忄眄 聃屐 咫尻蝠梓眍 镳桧鲨镱忸

碾 耱忸疱眄 聃屐 (爨. 3) 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 矬黻蜩 戾睨 Place 噌 镟礤朦 稠耱痼戾眚斥, 痤珧帏钼囗 耧疣忄. 铣牝钽疣扈 镟礤氤 稠耱痼戾眚斥 旷 囵鞒 觌噔厨 镳桠邃屙 蜞犭桷 3.

某 咫尻蝠梓眍 聃屐 玟抽耥螯 玎 漕镱祛泐 戾睨 View 噌 觐眚尻耱眍泐 戾睨:

* Mirror Horizontally (H) /Vertically (V) - 獬漕狃噻栩 耔焘铍 镱 泐痂珙眚嚯/忮痱桕嚯;

* Rotate (R) - 钺屦眢蜩 耔焘铍 泐滂眄桕钼羁 耱鸪腙 磬 900;

*Edit Properties. (Ctrl+E) - 疱溧泱忄眄 怆囫蜩忸耱彘 耔焘铍 噌 耔焘铍斥;

* Edit Part - 疱溧泱忄眄 用 疱溧牝铕钼 岢犭愁蝈;

* View/Link Database Part - 镥疱汶 耔焘铍 徉绯 溧龛 ORCAD Capture CIS;

* Descend/Ascend Hierarchy - 镥疱轵 漕 龛瑛屐/恹聒屐 鸪忭 澈疣瘐晨 耔焘铍 (潆 澈疣瘐橱龛 聃屐);

* Zoom In (I) /Zoom Out (O) - 爨聒蜞狍忄眄 聃屐;

* Go To - 桎赍 镥疱斐眄 玎 聃屐铪;

* Cut/Copy/Delete - 涑 磬 咫屐屙蜞扈 聃屐 (忤鸪珞忄蜩, 觐锍囹, 忤溧腓蜩).

念耱箫 漕 怆囫蜩忸耱彘 狍潼-觇 咫屐屙虺 聃屐 (Properties) 妈 祛驽蝈 铗痂爨蜩 觐眚尻耱眍泐 戾睨 噌 戾睨 Edit.

1.4 橡铖蜞眍怅 镱玷龀轫桴 眍戾鸪, 镥疱獬痍 镳铄牝, 耜豚溧眄 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃 羿殡斥 玮瞅斥

埋 忤镥疱氤麇沓 涑 漕耱箫沓 镳 嚓蜩忭铎 獬觏 冷斐沓耱疣蝾疣 镳铄牝 戾睨 Tool, 噌 戾睨 桎觐泐 漕耱箫 (蜞犭.4).

暑爨礓 Annotate 镳桤磬鬣 箜酬嚯 眍戾痂 觐骓铎 咫屐屙蝮 镳铄牝 (爨. 5.)

Update entire design - 镳铐箪屦筲囹 咫屐屙蜩 潆 怦泐 镳铄牝.

Update selection - 镳铐箪屦筲囹 咫屐屙蜩 潆 忤狃囗羁 耱铕稠觇.

Incremental reference update -眢戾疣鲨 咫屐屙虺 忤痤犭候 琊铖蜞铎 镱潢.

Unconditional reference update -镳铖爨蝠桠帼蝰 怦 眍戾痂 忤珥圜帼螯 虺,  礤 涑耱帼螯 溧氤 镱 琊铖蜞眄

Reset part reference to ? - 耜桧篁 眢戾疣龀.

Add/Delete Intersheet References - 镳铖蜞忤螯/箐嚯栩 镱玷龀轫 镱珥圜屙 眍戾鸪 耱铕稠铌.

Physical Packaging - 耧弼梏酬蠛 怆囫蜩忸耱 潆 钺'轰磬眄 咫屐屙虺 钿桧 觐痫篑.

Reset reference numbers to begin at 1 in page schematic - 眢戾痼 咫屐屙蜩, 镱麒磬 1 觐骓抽 聃屐沓 蝈龀.

Do not change the page number 聃屐沓 耱铕稠觇 礤 镥疱眢戾痤怏.

相疣戾蝠 觐爨礓 Design Rules Check:

Check design rules - 镥疱獬痍 磬 獬滹钼充沓耱 咫尻蝠梓龛 镳噔桦囔.

Delete existing DRC markers - 忤溧脲眄 绸眢桴 斐蝾.

Create DRC markers for warnings - 耱忸疱眄 爨痍屦斥 潆 镱镥疱滏屙. 橡钽疣爨 钺钼'珀钼 痤珈躇蠛 爨痍屦 潆 镱扈腩, 忤珥圜屙桴, ERC 爨蝠桷妣, 犍 忤 忤狃嚯 鳋 铒龀 忸磬 耱忸痂螯 蜞觐 爨痍屦 潆 镱镥疱滏屙, 镥忭桴 ERC 爨蝠桷妣.

Check hierarchical port connections - 镥疱獬痍 澈疣瘐橱龛 镱痱斥. 襄疱獬候 獬滹钼充沓耱 澈疣瘐橱龛 觐眚嚓虺 磬 聃屐沓 耱铕稠龀 徉螯瓿怦羁 聃屐 澈疣瘐橱龛 镱痱斥 锍潆邈氤 聃屐. 项扈腙 沐礤痼 蝾祗 忤镟潢, 犍 澈疣瘐橱沓 觐眚嚓蜩 磬 徉螯瓿怦抽 聃屐 礤 爨 獬滹钼充龛 镱 踌屙圊 镱痱斥 磬 锍潆邈氤 聃屐, 噌 瓿朦瓿耱 澈疣瘐橱龛 觐眚嚓虺 礤 玑炽嗪螯 瓿朦瓿耱 澈疣瘐橱龛 镱痱斥, 噌 蜩镨 镱痱斥 觐眚嚓虺 礤 玑炽帼螯.

Check of-page connector connections - 镱鸪忭螯 斐骜蝾鸪黻钼 '轰眢忄鞒 磬 钿沓 耱铕稠龀 崇 '轰眢忄鬣扈 磬 稠 耱铕稠赅.

Check unconnected nets - 镥疱獬 '轰磬眄 磬 磬耱箫沓 箪钼: 礤镳韬漤囗 觐眚嚓蜩 澈疣瘐橱沓 镱痱, 豚眦 礤 爨 怩充眍泐 耔沩嚯, 溻 豚眦 钿磬觐忤扈 踌屙囔, 嚯 礤 镳韬漤囗 沓 漕 斐骜蝾鸪黻钼桴 '轰眢忄鞒, 沓 漕 澈疣瘐橱龛 镱痱斥.

Check SDT compatibility - 镥疱獬痍 磬 耋斐耥绸螯 ORCAD SDT 镳钿箨蝾, 忤镟潢 犍 忤 躅麇蝈 玑屦邈蜩 镳铄牝 SDT 纛痨囹.

Report identical part references - 镥疱獬 镱玷龀轫 眍戾痂 忤溧候 玮瞅 疣绯 旷 玑炽.

Report type mismatch parts - 镥疱獬 咫屐屙蜩, 箫嚓钼囗 钿桧 觐痫篑, 磬 獬滹钼充沓耱 怆囫蜩忸耱彘 忤溧候 玮瞅 疣绯 礤耧斥镟溧眄 鲨 怆囫蜩忸耱彘.

Reports off-grid objects - 玮瞅 镥疱疣躅怏 踌屙 咫屐屙虺, 礤 镳桠'玎龛 漕 怏珉斥 癯蜿.

Report all net names - 玮瞅 镥疱疣躅怏 踌屙 怦初 豚眦斥.

Report File - 怅噻蠛螯 踌' 羿殡,  斐耱栩 玮瞅.

ERC Matrix - '怆候 爨蝠桷 潆 篑蜞眍怅 咫尻蝠梓龛 镳噔桦, 磬 瓿 忤 镥疱獬蜩戾蝈 忄 镳铄牝. 埋 蜩镨 觐眚嚓虺, 澈疣瘐橱龛 镱痱斥 斐骜蝾鸪黻钼桴 '轰磬睃 镥疱疣躅忄沓 玎泐腩怅圊 涑 觐腩眍 爨蝠桷. 獬麝 磬 镥疱癯麇眄 镳铖蜞怆屙 噌 狍赈 W - 镱镥疱滏屙, - 镱扈腙, 噌 沓黝泐 礤 镳铖蜞怆屙. 妈 祛驽蝈 襦斐 镳铖蜞忤蜩 镱蝠翅龛 蝈耱, 觌圉眢怿 镱 獬麝 涑驿噔顸 镱忤 镱蝠翅眍泐 耔焘铍.

铣耠 玎忮瘌屙 镥疴桧眍 痤琊钺觇 咫尻蝠梓眍 聃屐 忤痤犭候 耜豚溧眄 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃, 赍 玟抽耥螯 镱 觐爨礓 Create netlist. 碾 忡嗪祛涑 OrCAD Layout 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 皴牿 (怅豚潢) Layout (爨. 6), 溴 怅噻簋螯 钿桧桷 忤斐痼, 踌' 羿殡 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 潆 噔蝾爨蜩黜钽 忭羼屙 珈稠 漕 聃屐 噌 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 (ECO).

2. 殃豚溧眄 忮溴眄 岢犭愁蝈

武沓 忄骐桠桴 耜豚漕忤 耋鬣耥铪 牙闲 磬忭绸螯 玎耦岢 潆纛痨桊钼囗 忮溴眄 鸪珥桴 徉 溧龛 疋羁 觐祜铐屙虺. 湾 忤觌屙 ORCAD. 湾 滂怆麒顸 磬 蝈,  OrCAD 斐耱栩 疋詈祗 镱耱圜囗沓 麒爨塍 瓿朦瓿耱 耔焘铍斥 咫屐屙虺 潆 耜豚溧眄 聃屐 咫尻蝠梓龛 镳桧鲨镱忤, 爨蝈爨蜩黜桴 祛溴脲 潆 囗嚯崇 铒蜩斐玎龀 咫尻蝠铐龛 镳桉蝠羁, 镱襦漕黜桴 斐聆 (觐痫篑斥) 咫屐屙虺 潆 痤珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙虺 蝠囫筲囗 漯箨囵顸觇 镫囹, 镳铗, 鬣耱 忤龛赅 镱蝠遽 漕溧忄眄 眍忤 咫屐屙虺. 袜 驵朦, 礤钺醭漤 獬溏磬麒蜩,  用 咫屐屙虺 OrCAD 礤 獬滹钼充帼螯 镳栝蜩 磬 牮嗫沓 耱囗溧痱囔, 蝾祗 潆 耜豚溧眄 聃屐 镱 镳噔桦圊 叛苁 礤钺醭漤 镳铄牝筲囹 怆囫沓 岢犭愁蝈觇 耔焘铍斥 咫屐屙虺.

脏殡 岢犭愁蝈 牙闲 OrCAD 镳桠邃屙 蜞犭桷 5.

2.1 殃豚溧眄 忮溴眄 岢犭愁蝈 耔焘铍斥 咫屐屙虺

碾 耜豚溧眄 眍忸 岢犭愁蝈觇 噌 獬潢痂蝌 怄 绸眢 耜铕桉蜞轵羼 觐爨礓囔 File/New/Library File/Open/Library. 泪 漕溧蜩 眍忤 咫屐屙 岢犭愁蝈牦 (珥钼 耱忸疱眢 噌 蜞牦,  怄 绸眢) 耜铕桉蜞轵羼 觐爨礓囔 戾睨 Design - New Part (潆 舫玷黜 绸眢桴 觐痫篑斥 咫屐屙虺) 噌 New Symbol. 暑爨礓 New Symbol 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 潆 耱忸疱眄 磬耱箫龛 咫屐屙虺:

Power - 耔焘铍 锍潢膻麇眄 豚眦斥 骅怆屙;

Off-Page Connector - 耔焘铍 '轰眢忄鬣 耱铕稠铌 聃屐;

Hierarchical Port - 耔焘铍 澈疣瘐橱眍泐 犭铌;

Title Block - 耔焘铍 囔矬 (铖眍忭铎 磬镨耋).

碾 溧龛 咫屐屙虺 礤钺醭漤 腓 怅噻囹 踌' 耔焘铍 (Name), 忤狃囹 礤钺醭漤钽 蜩镟 (Symbol Type). 碾 舫玷黜 绸眢桴 觐痫篑斥 礤钺醭漤 玎溧蜩 磬耱箫沓 镟疣戾蝠:

Name - 踌' 耔焘铍;

Part Reference Prefix - 镳弭酬 镱玷龀轫钽 镱珥圜屙;

PCB Footprint - 踌' 觐痫篑 咫屐屙蝮;

Create Convert View - 咫屐屙 爨 尻獬忄脲眚 DeMorgan;

Part per Pkg - 瓿朦瓿耱 咫屐屙虺 觐痫篑;

Package Type - 咫屐屙蜩 觐痫篑 钿磬觐獬 (Homogeneous) 噌 鸪珥 (Heterogeneous);

Part Numbering - 咫屐屙 觐痫篑 镱珥圜嗪螯 狍赈铪 (Alphabetic) 噌 鲨麴囔(Numeric);

Pin Number Visible - 獬漕狃噫屙 眍戾鸪 忤忸涑 咫屐屙虺 磬 聃屐;

Part Aliases - 忤珥圜屙 锺邂漕沓斐 耔焘铍斥 潆 珈屙眄 钺'红 岢犭愁蝈 (磬镳桕豚, 锺邂漕沓扈 1533姨2, 155姨2, 555姨2 溧睇 咫屐屙蝮 姨2);

Attach Implementation - 锍潢膻麇眄 漕溧蜿钼钽 铒桉 耔焘铍 玎 漕镱祛泐 尻獬忄脲眚眍 聃屐, 蝈犟蝾忸泐 羿殡 VHDL 蜞 溧氤

码囫蜩忸耱 耔焘铍 咫屐屙蝮 漕耱箫沓 镱 觐爨礓 戾睨 Options/Part Properties Edit/Package Properties. 袜豚筲囗 疱溧牝铕 用 咫屐屙虺 囗嚯钽橱沓 磬豚筲囗 疱溧牝铕 聃屐 忤觌桕帼螯 戾睨 Options 镱 觐爨礓圊 Design Template Preference.

馏潼-觇 耔焘铍 爨膻候 钺豚耱 钺戾驽眍 痂躅忤 犷痄铎. 湾钺醭漤 镟'蜞蜩,  怦 '轰磬眄 OrCAD Capture 磬殓痼黜厨 忤觐眢忄蜩 镱 癯蝣. 翌祗 怦 咫屐屙蜩 '轰磬睃 (忤忸滂 耔焘铍) 爨 狍蜩 忤觐磬沓 镳 怅膻麇沓 铒龀 Pointer snap to grid 戾睨 Options/Preferences/Grid Display. 义犟蝾獬 忭篁鸪 咫屐屙蜩 耔焘铍 鬣耱屙 琊篦沓 痤珈躇筲囹 镳 獬潢膻麇沓 铒龀

Pointer snap to grid. 埋 忤忸滂 痤珧帏钼簋螯 镱 珙忭厨沓 耱铕铐圊 犷痄 (痂.7).

暑爨礓 潆 镳铎嚯怏忄眄 耔焘铍斥 漕耱箫沓 矬黻蜞 戾睨 Place 噌 镱 觌噔厨圊 镟-礤腓 稠耱痼戾眚斥 (蜞犭桷. 6).

橡 篑蜞眍怫 钿桧铟眍泐 忤忮溴眄 耔焘铍 咫屐屙蝮 忖钿栩:

1. Name - 踌' 忤忸潴;

2. Number - 眍戾 忤忸潴 觐痫篑;

3. Shape - 纛痨 忤忸潴;

3.1 Clock - 怩充 耔眭痤沓玎龀;

3.2 Dot - 忤獬 稠忮痱筲囗;

3.3 Dot-Clock - 怩充 耔眭痤沓玎龀 稠忮痱筲囗;

3.4 Line - 忤獬 玎怃钼骊 蝠 牮铌 癯蜿;

3.5 Short - 忤獬 玎怃钼骊 钿桧 牮铌 癯蜿;

3.6 Zero Length - 忤忮溴眄 眢朦钼羁 漕怄桧;

4. Type - 蜩 忤忸潴;

4.1 3 State - 忤獬 3 耱囗铎;

4.2 Bidirectional - 溻铐囡疣怆屙栝 忤獬;

4.3 Input - 怩充 咫屐屙蝮;

4.4 Open Collector - 忤醭 獬潢痂蜩 觐脲牝铕铎;

4.5 Open Emitter - 忤醭 獬潢痂蜩 屐瞅屦铎;

4.6 Output - 忤醭 咫屐屙蝮;

4.7 Passive - 镟耔忭栝 忤獬;

4.8 Power - 忤忮溴眄 骅怆屙 咫屐屙蝮.

5. Pins Visible - 獬漕狃噫屙 忤忸涑 (腓 潆 忤忸涑 蜩镟 Power).

橡 篑蜞眍怫 爨耔怏 忤忸涑 漕溧蜿钼 忖钿栩 镱鬣蜿钼 踌' 忤忸潴 (Starting Name), 镱鬣蜿钼栝 眍戾 忤忸潴 (Starting Number), 麒耠 忤忸涑 (Number of Pins), 镳桊绸 踌屙 忤忸涑 爨耔怏 (Increment),  噔蝾爨蜩黜 镳铖蜞怆, 犍 踌' 忤忸潴 玎瓿眵蠛螯 鲨麴铪, 獬漶蜞睃 斐 耋癯漤踌 忤忸溧扈 牮铌圊 癯蜿 (Pin Spacing).

哧 礤钺醭漤 镳铖蜞忤蜩 珥嚓 玎镥疱麇眄 磬 踌' 忤忸潴 忤汶涑 泐痂珙眚嚯羁 痂耔, 蝾 锍耠 觐骓钽 耔焘铍 踌屙 耱噔栩桉 觐襦 痂耜 玕. 袜镳桕豚, 犍 礤钺醭漤, 噌 踌' 忤忸潴 忤汶溧腩 獵E , 蝠遽 忖羼蜩 \臷 沭圄钼 Name. 疣绯, 觐腓 钿眍祗 舫玷黜铎 觐痫篑 痤珧帏钼蠛螯 溴瓿朦赅 腩愠黜桴 咫屐屙虺 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 觐爨礓 View/Package.

念耱箫 漕 怆囫蜩忸耱彘 怦初 咫屐屙虺 耔焘铍 妈 祛驽蝈 铗痂爨蜩 镱溻抽龛 觌圉囗 氤忸 觌噔厨 扈 磬 咫屐屙虺, 噌, 忤涑腓怿 礤钺醭漤栝 咫屐屙 锍耠 磬蜩耥屙 镳噔羁 觌噔厨 扈 忤狃囹 觐爨礓 Edit Properties, 噌 忤觐磬怿 觐爨礓 戾睨 Edit/ Properties.

2.2 殃豚溧眄 忮溴眄 岢犭愁蝈 镱襦漕黜桴 斐聆 (觐痫篑斥) 咫屐屙虺

碾 耜豚溧眄 眍忸 岢犭愁蝈觇 镱襦漕黜桴 斐聆 噌 獬潢痂蝌 怄 绸眢羁 岢犭愁蝈觇 潆 漕溧忄眄 噌 疱溧泱忄眄 觐痫篑斥 咫屐屙虺 耜铕桉蜞轵羼 觐爨礓铪 戾睨 Tools/Library Manager OrCAD Layout. 铣潢膻麇眄 忤溧脲眄 岢犭愁蝈 疱溧牝铕钼 玟抽耥螯 玎 漕镱祛泐 觌噔厨 Add. (漕溧蜩) Remove(忤溧腓蜩). 橡 耱忸疱眄 眍忸泐 镱襦漕黜钽 斐聆 (Create New Footprint.) 怅噻蠛螯 踌' 觐痫篑 (Name of Footprint) 耔耱屐 钿桧桷 忤斐痼 - English (濑殪钼) 噌 Metric (戾蝠梓磬). 轻屦彐屙 珥钼 耱忸疱眍泐 噌 獬漯邃嚆钼囗钽 镱襦漕黜钽 斐聆 玟抽耥螯 玎 漕镱祛泐 觐爨礓 (Save Save As.). 碾 珥钼 耱忸疱眍泐 觐痫篑 镱蝠翅眍 怅噻囹 踌' 怄 绸眢羁 岢犭愁蝈觇 (Name of library) 噌 耱忸痂蜩 眍怏 岢犭愁蝈牦 (Create New Library.) 踌' 镱襦漕黜钽 斐聆 (Name of footprint). 青 漕镱祛泐 觐爨礓 (Save As.) 祛骓 蜞觐 玑屦邈蜩 磬忭栝 觐痫篑 稠 岢犭愁蝈牦. 妈溧脲眄 镱襦漕黜钽 斐聆 岢犭愁蝈觇 忤痤犭候 镱 觐爨礓 Delete Footprint.

袜豚筲囗 OrCAD Layout Library Manager 忤痤犭候 玎 漕镱祛泐 戾睨 Options/System Settings, 溴 怦蜞眍怆螯 镟疣戾蝠:

1. 谚耱屐 钿桧桷 (Display Units);

1.1 Mils - 扈氤 (1/1000 濑殪)

1.2 Inches - 濑殪 (2.54 耢);

1.3 Microns - 斐牮铎弪痂;

1.4 Millimeters - 斐氤戾蝠;

1.5 Centimeters - 襦眚桁弪痂.

2. 念玮畴 祛沓蝾疣 (Display Resolution);

3. 殉蜿 (Grids);

3.1 Visible Grid - 癯蜿,  獬漕狃噫蠛螯 磬 尻疣沓;

3.2 Detail Grid - 癯蜿 痤珈躇屙 徉'吼斥 蝈犟蝮;

3.3 Place Grid - 癯蜿 痤珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙虺;

3.4 Routing Grid - 癯蜿 蝠囫筲囗;

3.5 Via Grid - 癯蜿 痤珈躇屙 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪.

4. 相疣戾蝠 镱忸痤蝮 (Rotation);

4.1 Increment - 滂耜疱蝽绸螯 牦蜞 镱忸痤蝮 觐祜铐屙虺 (镱 觐爨礓 Rotate);

4.2 Snap - 篑蜞眍怅 斐沓爨朦眍泐 牦蜞 镱忸痤蝮 觐祜铐屙虺 镳 噔蝾痤珈躇屙沓.

5. 相疣戾蝠 痤犷黝 钺豚耱 (Workspace Settings).

玉蜞眍怅 礤钺醭漤钽 玎徉疴脲眄 玎溧候 玎 漕镱祛泐 戾睨 Options/Colors. Options/Color rules.

戾睨 Optoins/User Preferences. 玎溧 磬耱箫沓 镟疣戾蝠 潆 磬豚筲囗 OrCAD Layout:

1. Display Preferences - 铒龀 獬漕狃噫屙

1.1. Enable Full Screen Cursor - 篑蜞眍怅 牦瘃铕 忤汶涑 镥疱癯黜桴 腓-龛 怦 痤犷黧 钺豚耱;

1.2. Enable AutoPan - 漕玮畴 噔蝾爨蜩黜钽 镟眍疣祗忄眄;

1.3. Use Opaque Grafics - 珙狃噫屙 怦初 忤狃囗桴 钺'宏虺 钿龛 觐朦铕铎;

1.4. Use HollowPads - 獬漕狃噫屙 忤忸涑 觐祜铐屙虺 忤汶涑 礤玎牮帏屙桴 舫泱;

1.5. Show 3D Effects - 獬漕狃噫屙 钺'宏虺 蜩,  爨 鸪珥 忤耦蝮 獬潇稠龛扈 钿桧 獬 钿眍泐;

2. Global Preferences

2.1 Activate Online DRC - 怅膻麇眄 镥疱獬痍 磬 镱扈腙 (尻獬忄脲眚眍 磬蜩耥屙睨 觌噔厨 Online DRC 镟礤氤 桎觐泐 漕耱箫);

2.2. Allow DRC Errors - 漕玮畴 獬漕狃噫屙 镱扈腩 潢 耱囹篑;

2.3. Instantaneous Reconnection Mode - 獬潢膻麇眄 獬漕狃噫屙 玮'珀斥 (尻獬忄脲眚眍 磬蜩耥屙睨 觌噔厨 Reconnection Mode 镟礤氤 桎觐泐 漕耱箫);

2.4 Allow Editing of Footprints - 漕玮畴 疱溧泱忄眄 镱襦漕黜桴 斐聆 (镳 怅膻麇沓 铒龀 妈 祛驽蝈 珈稠囹 咫屐屙蜩 镱襦漕黜钽 斐聆 徨顼铖屦邃睃 镳 觐祜铐钼龀 蝠囫筲囗沓);

3. Copper Pour Preferences

3.1 Enable Cooper Pour - 忤鸪蜩 玎腓怅 钺豚耱彘 戾蜞氤玎龀;

3.2 Use Fast Fill Mode - 忤觐痂耱钼筲囹 疱骅 桎觐 玎腓怅 钺豚耱彘 戾蜞氤玎龀 (钺豚耱 玎腓怅 玎痂躅忄龛 玎礻眢蜩 觐眚箴铎);

3.3. Use Pours for Connectivity - 忤觐痂耱钼筲囹 钺豚耱 戾蜞氤玎龀 潆 '轰磬眄 咫尻蝠梓龛 豚眦斥;

4. Miscellaneous Preferences

4.1. Show Tooltips - 獬漕狃噫屙 觐痤蜿桴 锍潢噻铌 镳 镳桤磬麇眄 锍牝钽疣;

4.2. Activate AutoTool Select Mode - 漕玮畴 噔蝾爨蜩黜钽 忤犷痼 咫屐屙虺;

4.3. Move Free Vias Width Components - 忤鸪蜩 镥疱礤皴眄 畴桴 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪 (Free Via) 疣珙 镱襦漕黜桁 斐聆屐.

碾 耱忸疱眄 镱襦漕黜钽 斐聆 Library Manager 锣 漕耱箫沓 觐爨礓 戾睨 Tool 噌 戾睨 桎觐泐 漕耱箫 (蜞犭桷. 7).

青脲骓 獬 觐爨礓 祛骓 忤狃囹 磬忭栝 咫屐屙 咫尻蝠铐眍 蜞犭桷 (Select From Spreadsheet) 噌 崇 珙狃噫屙 镱襦漕黜钽 斐聆 (Select Tool), 镱耢铗疱螯/桤戾龛螯 怆囫蜩忸耱 咫屐屙 (Properties) 耱忸痂蜩 眍忤 (New), 忤溧腓蜩 咫屐屙 (Delete), 玑屦邈蜩 岢犭愁蝈牦 (Save to Library), 忤觐磬蜩 礤钺醭漤 涑 磬 咫屐屙蝾, 磬镳桕豚 钺屦眢蜩 (Rotate), 溏屦赅朦礤 獬滗珏痍嚯屙 (Mirror), 獬滗珏痍嚯屙 咫屐屙蝮 磬 稠  (Opposite).

玎汔朦眍祗 忤镟潢, 潆 耱忸疱眄 镱襦漕黜钽 斐聆, 礤钺醭漤 磬爨膻忄蜩 徉'吼 (Ob-stacle) 镳铖蜞忤蜩 觐眚嚓蝽 爨殇囗麒觇 (Pin, Padstack), 镱赅玎眍 镳桕豚涑, 珈嚯忄眍祗 磬 爨膻黻 8.

3. 袜豚筲囗 镳铄牝 痤珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙虺 OrCAD Layout Plus 9.2

3.1 青忄眚噫屙 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃 蝈蹴铍钽橱眍泐 犭铐

铣耠 耱忸疱眄 镥疱獬痍 聃屐 咫尻蝠梓眍 镳桧鲨镱忸 OrCAD Capture 礤钺醭漤 耜豚耱 耧桉铌 '轰磬睃 潆 镱溧朦泐 痤珈躇屙 觐痫篑斥 咫屐屙虺 蝠囫筲囗 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 玎 漕镱祛泐 觐爨礓 OrCAD Capture Create Netlist. 绣珞朦蜞蝾 忤觐磬眄 溧眍 觐爨礓 羿殡 痤瑛桊屙 *.mnl,  斐耱栩 礤钺醭漤 稠纛痨圉楚 潆 镱溧朦 痤犷蜩 OrCAD Layout. 碾 玎忄眚噫屙 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃 OrCAD Layout 忤徨鸪螯 戾睨 File/New 锍耠 忤犷痼 蝈蹴铍钽橱眍泐 犭铐 (羿殡 痤瑛桊屙 *.tch 噌 *.tcl) 怅噫瞅 磬 羿殡 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃. 哧 镳铞羼 玎忄眚噫屙 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃 忤怆屙 咫屐屙蜩,  礤 爨 玎耠囗 磬 绸眢 镱襦漕黜 斐聆 (觐痫篑), 蝾 涑嚯钽钼铎 獬觏,  '忤腩, 礤钺醭漤 忤狃囹 踌' 岢犭愁蝈觇 踌' 觐痫篑 獬滹钼充眍泐 咫屐屙蝮 (Link existing footprint to component.).

义蹴铍钽橱沓 犭铐 (羿殡 痤瑛桊屙 *.tch 噌 *.tcl) 斐耱螯 镱鬣蜿钼 稠纛痨圉楚 镳 漯箨囵顸牦 镫囹: 篑蜞眍怅 癯蝾, 玎珙鸪, 鸪, 觐眚嚓蝽桴 爨殇囗麒瓿, 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪, 耱疣蝈愠 痤珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙虺, 蝠囫筲囗 镫囹, 蜞 溧氤 埋 龀 篑蜞眍怅 祛骓 忤觐磬蜩 磬溧氤 噌 玎忄眚噫栩 稠 蝈蹴铍钽橱龛 犭铐. 碾 耱忸疱眄 怆囫眍泐 蝈蹴铍钽橱眍泐 犭铐 礤钺醭漤 忤珥圜栩 怦 礤钺醭漤 镟疣戾蝠 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 玑屦邈蜩 羿殡 忭铪 怅噻斥觐 痤瑛桊屙 (*.tch 噌 *.tcl).

铣耠 篑锍钽 玎忮瘌屙 玎忄眚噫屙 耧桉牦 '轰磬睃 OrCAD Layout 獬漕狃噫簋螯 觐痫篑 咫屐屙虺 怅噻斥觐 咫尻蝠梓龛 '轰磬睃 (痂.9).

3.2 袜豚筲囗 镟疣戾蝠斥 镳铄牝 OrCAD Layout 镥疱汶 怆囫蜩忸耱彘 咫屐屙虺 镳铄牝

秒钺嚯 磬豚筲囗 镳铄牝 OrCAD Layout 漕耱箫沓 镱 觐爨礓 Options/System Settings.

埋 铖蜞眄 礤钺醭漤 磬豚筲囗 玟抽耥螯 玎 漕镱祛泐 觐爨礓 戾睨 咫尻蝠铐龛 蜞犭桷 View/Database Spreadsheets (痂.10) 噌 玎 漕镱祛泐 觌噔厨 ( ) 戾睨 桎觐泐 漕耱箫 View Spreadsheet (痂. 11).

署踌 蝾泐, 怆囫蜩忸耱 咫屐屙虺, 瓿 獬漕狃噫簋螯 磬 尻疣沓 OrCAD Layout, 蜞觐 涑 磬 龛扈 漕耱箫沓 觐眚尻耱眍泐 戾睨,  '怆候 镳 忤涑脲眄 咫屐屙蝮 磬蜩耥屙沓 镳噔羁 觌噔厨 扈.

亦犭桷 Components 斐耱栩 镱玷龀轫 镱珥圜屙 咫屐屙虺, 旷 镱襦漕黜 斐聆, 觐铕滂磬蜩 觐痫篑斥, 镳囡铕 漕玮铍 犭铌筲囗, 牦 镱忸痤蝮. 相疣戾蝠 觐祜铐屙虺 潆 珈稠 疱溧泱忄眄 漕耱箫沓 镱 觐爨礓 Properties (觐眚尻耱礤 戾睨).

亦犭桷 Footprints Padstacks 斐耱螯 耧桉觇 觐痫篑斥 咫屐屙虺 觐眚嚓蝽桴 爨殇囗麒瓿, 潆 觇 怅噻囗 岢犭愁蝈觇 觐铕滂磬蜩.

橡 镳铖祛蝠/疱溧牝桊钼囗梃 怆囫蜩忸耱彘 觐眚嚓蝽桴 爨殇囗麒瓿 漕耱箫沓 磬耱箫沓 镟疣戾蝠:

Non-Plated - 铉磬赅 磬忭铖虺 牮崇眍泐 铗忸痼;

Use For Test Point - 铉磬赅 忤觐痂耱囗 觐眚痤朦磬 牮囡赅;

Large Thermal Relief - 铉磬赅 忤觐痂耱囗 蝈镫钼栝 徉'吼;

Pad Shape - 纛痨 爨殇囗麒赅 (Round - 牮筱豚, Square - 赈噤疣蝽, Oval - 钼嚯, Annular - 纛痨 瓿朦, Oblong - 漕忏囫蝾 纛痨 牮扈,  铌痼汶, Rectangle - 镳祛牦蝽, Thermal Relief - 蝈镫钼栝 徉'吼, Undefined - 礤 忤珥圜屙);

No Connection - 铉磬赅 獬漶篁眍耱 锍潢膻麇眄;

Pad Width, Pad Height - 痂磬 忤耦蜞 氏, 獬滹钼充眍;

X Offset, Y Offset - 珩筲 蝾麝 锍潢膻麇眄 蝠囫 獬漤铖眍 沐铎弪痂黜钽 鲥眚痼 氏 镱 铖 X Y, 獬滹钼充眍.

亦犭桷 囡屦蝮 (Apertures) 斐耱栩 铒桉 忤觐痂耱钼筲囗桴 囡屦蝮.

亦犭桷 Layers 斐耱栩 耧桉铌 鸪, 忤觐痂耱钼筲囗桴 OrCAD Layout. 剜痂 祛骟螯 狍蜩 磬耱箫龛 蜩锍:

Routing -  蝠囫筲囗;

Plane -  戾蜞氤玎龀;

Drill -  耔焘铍斥 铗忸鸪;

Jumper -  镥疱扈黝;

Documentation -  漕牦戾眚筲囗;

Unused - 礤怄桠囗栝 .

暑驽  爨 珈屙忄朦礤 踌',  耜豚溧候 蝠 耔焘铍斥. 青 箪钼鬣眄 OrCAD Layout 斐耱栩 溻 珙忭厨沓 痼 (TOP, BOT), 溻 痼 戾蜞氤玎龀 (GND, POWER), 12 忭篁鸪初 鸪 (INNER),  耔焘铍斥 铗忸鸪 (DRILL) 10 鸪 漕牦戾眚筲囗. 某 磬 疣扈 漕耱箫沓 觐眚尻耱眍泐 戾睨 (Properties) 噌 戾睨 Edit/Properties. 念溧蜿钼栝  - Global Layer - 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 潆 獬漕狃噫屙 咫尻蝠梓龛 玮'珀斥 觐痄铐斥 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹.

亦犭桷 咫尻蝠梓龛 玮'珀斥 Nets 斐耱栩 镥疱氤 疣窕 旷 镟疣戾蝠.

Net Name - 踌' 豚眦;

Net Attributes - 囹痂狍蜩 豚眦:

Routing Enable - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 蝠囫筲囗;

Retry Enable - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 屦弪疣耨桊钼觇 玮'珀;

Share Enable - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 -耦轰稠屙;

Shove Enable - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 铉钼躞钽罨 蝠囫筲囗;

Highlight - 漕玮畴 锍漶獬黧忄眄 蝠囫;

Test Point - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 忤觐痂耱囗 玮'珀 觐耱

觐眚痤朦眍 牮囡觇;

Group - 镳桧嚯彐沓耱 漕 沭箫 玮'珀斥;

Weight - 镳愁痂蝈 玮'珀 镳 蝠囫筲囗 (麒 忤 镳愁痂蝈, 蜩 岢朦 忄汔);

Min, Conn, 锑 Width - 涑囡噻铐 痂龛 漕鸪骖;

Net Layers - 獬漕狃噫蠛 涑嚯钽钼 獬觏, 潆 忤犷痼 漕玮铍屙桴 漕 蝠囫筲囗 鸪 潆 溧眍泐 玮'珀;

Width By Layer - 獬漕狃噫蠛 涑嚯钽钼 獬觏, 潆 忖邃屙 痂龛 玮'珀 磬 漕玮铍屙桴 漕 蝠囫筲囗 疣;

Net Recon. - 獬漕狃噫蠛 涑嚯钽钼 獬觏, 潆 忤犷痼 镳噔桦 锍潢膻麇眄 漕 溧眍泐 玮'珀:

None - 玎犷痤 蝠囫筲嚯桕钼 镥疱疣玮钿栩 狍潼-瓿 镳斐 '轰磬眄 潆 怅噻囗钽 豚眦;

Horizontal/Vertical - 怅噻蠛 蝠囫筲嚯桕钼 赅蜩 镥瘌 玎 怦 泐痂珙蜞朦睇/忮痱桕嚯 '轰磬眄 潆 豚眦;

STD. Orthog. - 怅噻蠛 蝠囫筲嚯桕钼 赅蜩 磬殛铕铗 漕痤泱 斐 溻铎 牮囡赅扈 聃桦绸蟒 漕 泐痂珙眚嚯桴 噌 忮痱桕嚯桴 蝠囫;

High speed - 玎犷痤 -耦轰稠屙 玎溧 蝠囫筲嚯桕钼 赅蜩 漕痤泱 獬 钿沓嚎 牮囡觇 漕 稠;

No Dyn. Reccon - 玎犷痤 滂磬斐黜 镥疱镱潢膻麇龛.

Net Spacing - 篑蜞眍怅 獬漶蜞沓 斐 忤狃囗桁 豚眦铎 铖蜞眄踌.

哧 珥圜屙 獬漶篁沓, 蝾 涑 镟疣戾蝠 怅噻囗 耱疣蝈愠 蝠囫筲囗 (Route Spacing).

亦犭桷 Obstacle, Text, Drills, Apertures 斐耱栩 踌屙 镟疣戾蝠 徉'吼斥 镥疱氤 蝈犟蝾忤 钺豚耱彘, 旷 镟疣戾蝠 镳桧嚯彐沓耱, 镟疣戾蝠 疋屦腩怅 忤觐痂耱钼筲囗桴 囡屦蝮, 獬滹钼充眍.

亦犭桷 Error Markers 獬漕狃噫蠛 耧桉铌 怦初 镱扈腩, 镱斐麇龛 耧弼赤朦龛扈 爨痍屦囔, 锍耠 镥疱獬痍 镳铄牝 觐爨礓铪 Auto/Design Rule Check 旷 觐铕滂磬蜞扈 铒桉铎. 碾 铟棂屙 镳铄牝 獬 爨痍屦斥 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 觐爨礓 Auto/Remove Violations.

亦犭桷 Post Process 獬漕狃噫蠛 篑蜞眍怅 纛痨筲囗 忤醭漤桴 羿殡斥 潆 锍溷铗钼觇 忤痤犴桷蜮 漯箨囵顸觇 镫囹, 磬豚筲囗 觐泐 玟抽耥螯 镱 觐爨礓圊 Options/Gerber Settings Options/Post Process Settings.

亦犭桷 Statistics 獬漕狃噫蠛 耱囹桉蜩黜 溧沓 (瓿朦瓿耱 痤玮邃屙桴 蝠囫, 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪, 蜞 溧氤) 镳 漯箨囵顸牦 镫囹.

3.3 袜豚筲囗 耱疣蝈愠 觐祜铐钼觇 蝠囫筲囗 OrCAD Layout

袜豚筲囗 噔蝾觐祜铐筲嚯桕 OrCAD Layout Plus 玟抽耥螯 镱 觐爨礓圊 Op-tions/Placement Strategy 噌 View Spreadsheet/Place Pass ( 戾睨 桎觐泐 漕耱箫) Options/Place Settings.

暑爨礓 Options/Placement Strategy 忤珥圜嗪 镳噔桦 忤觐磬眄 镳铛钿斥 镳 觐祜铐钼龀, 溴 忤珥圜帼螯 瓿朦瓿耱 瞅屦圉抽 镳铛钿 (Iterations), 瓿朦瓿耱 耧痤 (Attempts), 爨犟桁嚯 麒耠 觌囫蝈鸪 (锑 Clusters) 铒龀 觐祜铐钼觇:

Enable - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 忤觐磬眄 镳铛钿;

Done - 铉磬赅 忤觐磬眍泐 镳铛钿 (祛骓 忤觐痂耱钼筲囹 溧眢 铉磬牦, 潆 蝾泐,  蜩祺囫钼 玎犷痤龛蜩 溧龛 镳铛充);

Fast Reconnect - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 忤觐痂耱囗 桎泐 嚯泐痂蜢 觐祜铐钼觇 (蝠铛 珈屙 瓿耱 痤珈躇屙);

Swap Gates - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 镥疱耱囗钼觇 忮眚桦斥.

橡铛钿 祛骟螯 狍蜩:

Assign Clusters - 觐祜铐筲嚯桕 OrCAD Layout Plus 噔蝾爨蜩黜 沭箫蠛 觐祜铐屙螓 觌囫蝈痂 斐沓爨朦眍 瓿朦瓿耱 玮'珀斥 斐 觌囫蝈疣扈;

Proximity Place - 痤珈躇屙 腓琰觇趸 ( 爨 磬獒畴 瓿朦瓿耱 玮'珀斥 斐 耦犷) 觐祜铐屙虺;

Adjust Comps - 镳桤磬麇眄 稠滂獬潴嚯钽 斐聆 觐骓铎 觐祜铐屙蝮 锍耠 痤珈躇屙 觌囫蝈鸪;

Place Clusters - 痤珈躇屙 觌囫蝈鸪 磬獒畴 忤愠漤 斐聆 磬 镫囹 镱 獬漤铠屙睨 漕 稠 沭箫 舫犟钼囗桁 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Swap Comps - 忤觐痂耱钼蠛 稠纛痨圉楚 Capture 潆 蝾泐,  镥疱耱噔栩 耋斐骓 觐祜铐屙螓 (磬镳桕豚 犍 钿眍祗 觐痫篑 珥圊钿栩 溴瓿朦赅 钿磬觐忤 咫屐屙虺);

Swap Pins - 忤觐痂耱钼蠛 稠纛痨圉楚 Capture 潆 蝾泐,  镥疱忤珥圜栩 忤忸滂 觐祜铐屙虺.

暑爨礓 Options/Place Settings 忤觌桕嗪 涑嚯钽钼 獬觏, 觐祗 玟抽耥螯 漕溧蜿钼 磬豚筲囗 觐祜铐筲嚯桕 Layout Plus:

Allow Outlines to Overlap - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 觐祜铐钼觇 觐痄铐囔,  镥疱牮桠帼螯, 觐祜铐屙虺;

Auto Swap - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 镥疱耱囗钼觇 觐祜铐屙虺.

ORCAD Layout Plus 斐耱栩 羿殡 耱疣蝈愠 觐祜铐钼觇 蝠囫筲囗, 瓿 祛骟螯 狍蜩 玎忄眚噫屙 镱 觐爨礓 File/Load. 察屙 羿殡斥 耱疣蝈愠 觐祜铐钼觇 镱麒磬 耔焘铍斥 玃L. 碾 蝾泐,  玑屦邈蜩 耱忸疱眢 耱疣蝈愠 忤觐痂耱钼箝蝈 觐爨礓 File/Save as 忭铪 怅噻斥觐 痤瑛桊屙 - *.sf.

3.4 羊忸疱眄 觐眚箴 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹

碾 耱忸疱眄 觐眚箴 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 觐爨礓 Obstacle 戾睨 Tool 噌 戾睨 桎觐泐 漕耱箫 (). 暑眚箴 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 (Board Outline) 爨 狍蜩 忤觐磬龛 漕溧蜿钼铎 鸪 (Global Layer). 碾 耱忸疱眄 耜豚漤钽 觐眚箴 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 祛骓 耜铕桉蜞蜩 疱溧牝铕铎 Visual CADD (耧痤龛 囗嚯钽

AUTOCAD),  怩钿栩 镟赍 OrCAD (Tool/Visual CADD) 噌 珙忭厨沓 疱溧牝铕铎 踌镱痱筲囹 OrCAD Layout (File/Import).

3.5 棱蝾爨蜩黜 觐祜铐钼赅 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹

某 镱襦漕黜桁 斐聆扈 漕耱箫沓 戾睨 Tool/Component 噌 觐眚尻耱眍泐 戾睨:

Select Tool - 疱骅 忤犷痼 觐祜铐屙蜞 ( );

Select Filtered - 忤岢 溴瓿朦觐 觐祜铐屙虺 玎 漕镱祛泐 舫朦蝠;

Select From Spreadsheet - 忤岢 觐祜铐屙蜞 蜞犭桷;

Queue For Placement - 耱忸疱眄 麇疸 潆 痤珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Place - 痤珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙蜞;

New - 漕溧忄眄 眍忸泐 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Copy - 觐锍囗 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Adjust (Ctrl+J -) 忤鸪忭囗 沭箫 觐祜铐屙虺;

Opposite (T) - 镥疱礤皴眄 觐祜铐屙蜞 磬 镳铗桉蜞怆屙 耱铕铐 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 溏屦赅朦龛 獬漕狃噫屙;

Rotate (R) - 镱忸痤 磬 900;

Shove (J) - 漕玮畴 蝠囫筲嚯桕钼 镥疱耋忄蜩 觐祜铐屙螓;

Swap(Ctrl+W) - 漕玮畴 蝠囫筲嚯桕钼 镥疱耱噔蜩 皴牿晨;

Lock (L) - 蜩祺囫钼 舫犟圉 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Fix - 镱耱抽磬 舫犟圉 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Alternate Footprint - 忤岢 嚯屦磬蜩忭钽 觐痫篑;

Properties (Ctrl+E) - 镥疱汶 疱溧泱忄眄 怆囫蜩忸耱彘 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Delete (Del) - 忤溧脲眄.

襄疱 噔蝾爨蜩黜铪 觐祜铐钼觐 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 礤钺醭漤 痤珩蜞忤蜩 礤钺醭漤 觐痫篑, 磬镳桕豚, 痤'红, 礤钺醭漤 斐聆 玎舫犟筲囹 旷.

蓄珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙虺 (爨. 12.) 忤觐眢候 镱 觐爨礓 Auto/Place:

Board - 忤觐磬蜩 觐祜铐钼牦 怦澈 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹;

Component - 忤觐磬蜩 觐祜铐钼牦 忤狃囗钽 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Array. - 牮筱钼 痤珈躇屙 觐祜铐屙虺;

Matrix - 痤珈躇屙 忤狃囗桴 觐祜铐屙虺 爨蝠桷;

Free Via Matrix - 爨蝠梓礤 痤珈躇屙 獬朦龛 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪;

Test Points - 沐礤疣龀 觐眚痤朦龛 牮囡铌.

碾 痤珈躇屙 忤狃囗钽 觐痫篑 噌 沭箫 觐痫篑斥 镱 觐塍 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 觐爨礓 Auto/Place/Array. 溴 怅噻簋螯 眍戾 沭箫 (Group Number) 觐铕滂磬蜩 鲥眚痼 (Circle Center X, Y), 疣涑篑 觐豚 (Circle Radius), 镱鬣蜿钼栝 牦 (Start Angle), 觐铕滂磬蜩 獬漤铖眍 鲥眚痼 觐豚 潆 镥瘌钽 觐祜铐屙蜞 沭箫 (Rel Start X, Y) 蜞 溧氤

暑爨礓 Auto/Unplace 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 潆 蝾泐,  獬潇稠栩 觐祜铐钼牦 怦澈 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 (Board) 噌 铌疱祛泐 觐祜铐屙蜞 (Component).

4. 茵囫筲囗 镳钼充龛瓿 OrCAD Layout Plus 9.2

4.1 袜豚筲囗 镟疣戾蝠斥 蝠囫筲嚯桕 OrCAD Layout

秒钺嚯 镟疣戾蝠 噔蝾蝠囫筲囗 玎溧 涑嚯钽钼铎 獬觏 Options/Route Settings:

Route Mode - 忤岢 疱骅祗 蝠囫筲囗 (蜞犭桷. 8);

Interactive Auto Route Settings - 磬豚筲囗 涑嚯钽钼钽 疱骅祗 蝠囫筲囗;

Allow Off-Grid Routing - 漕玮畴 獬漕狃噫屙 祛骐桠桴 漕鸪 蝠囫筲囗 徨 怵圊筲囗 癯蜿 痤玮钿觇;

Shove Components - 漕玮畴 镥疱斐眄 (铉镨躞忄眄) 觐祜铐屙虺 蝠囫;

Maximize 135 Corners - 漕玮畴 铒蜩斐珞忄蜩 玎珙 蝠囫筲囗 忮瘌桧囔 锍 45 噌 900;

Use All Via Types - 漕玮畴 痤玮钿栩 '轰磬眄 铒蜩爨朦龛扈 镥疱醭漤桁 铗忸疣扈, 蜩, 瓿 忤珥圜屙 Padstacks Spreadsheet.

Manual Route Settings - 磬豚筲囗 痼黜羁 痤玮钿觇;

Snap to Grid Routing - 铉磬赅 蝠囫筲囗 镱 癯蝣 痤玮钿觇;

Use Routing Hints - 漕玮畴 锍潢噻铌 磬镳祗 镳 镳铌豚漩 蝠囫 (Never - 蝠囫筲嚯桕 礤 忤觐痂耱钼蠛 锍潢噻觇 磬镳祗, Pads/Vias - 蝠囫筲嚯桕 忤觐痂耱钼蠛 锍潢噻觇 磬镳祗 腓 镳 忤躅涑 觐眚嚓虺 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪, Always - 蝠囫筲嚯桕 忤觐痂耱钼蠛 锍潢噻觇 磬镳祗 镳 蜞 溧氤);

Drawing Method - 篑蜞眍怅 牦虺 忮瘌桧 镳 耱忸疱眄 蝠囫 疱骅斐 痼黜钽 蝠囫筲囗 (Any Angle Corners - 狍潼-觇 牦, 135 Corners - 牦蜩 450, 900, 135+, 90 Corners - 牦蜩 腓 900, Curve Corners - 绯沩篁 蝠囫).

袜豚筲囗 镳桠囹龛 耱疣蝈愠 蝠囫筲嚯桕 OrCAD Layout 玟抽耥螯 镱 觐爨礓圊 戾睨 Route/Strategies 玎 漕镱祛泐 戾睨 桎觐泐 漕耱箫 View Spreadsheet/Strategies:

Manual Route Strategy - 篑蜞眍怅 镟疣戾蝠斥 镱忮涑黻 稠蝈疣牝桠龛 稠耱痼戾眚斥;

Route Sweeps - 篑蜞眍怅 玎汔朦龛 镟疣戾蝠斥 潆 蝠囫筲囗 (蜩 痤珈仇 獬觏 犭铐 磬镳祗). 剜犭铐 忤珥圜嗪螯 痼 嚓蜩忭钽 獬觏 痤玮钿觇 麇疱 怦 漯箨囵顸牦 镫囹. 腕朦钼栝 犭铐 - Sweep #0 -镳邃磬珥圜屙 潆 铒屦圉抽 痼黜羁 痤玮钿觇. 剜犭铐 Sweep#1 - Sweep #6 潆 噔蝾蝠囫筲囗;

Sweep #0 (WIN/COM) - 篑蜞眍怅 镟疣戾蝠斥 潆 痼黜钽 蝠囫筲囗 噌 噔蝾蝠囫筲囗 铌疱祛泐 獬觏;

Sweep #1 (镱镥疱漤 痤玮钿赅) - 潆 蝠囫筲囗 磬耔麇龛 玮'珀囔 涑眍 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 (斐牮铖蹂扈 镟'虺 蜞 溧氤);

Sweep #2 (痤玮钿赅 豚岢痂眚铎 - Maze Route) - 潆 蝠囫筲囗 岢朦 鬣耱桧 蝠囫 戾蝾漕 铉镨躞忄眄 祛骐桠绸蟒 镱怛铕眍泐 蝠囫筲囗;

Sweep #3, Sweep #4, Sweep #5 (Next 1, Next 2, Next3 ) - 痤玮钿赅 礤痤玮邃屙桴 蝠囫 噌 涑眍;

Sweep #6 (耧弼赤朦沓 铒龀) - 篑蜞眍怅 镟疣戾蝠斥 潆 蝾泐,  痤玮羼蜩 觐祛汔 岢朦 玮'珀斥 徨 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪, 珈屙蜩 旷 瓿朦瓿耱, 篑箜篁 漕溧蜿钼 牦蜩.

碾 磬豚筲囗 觐骓钽 犭铐 (觐眚尻耱礤 戾睨) 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 磬耱箫沓 镟疣戾蝠:

Diagonal Routing - 瓿朦瓿耱 (Off - 忤礻礤眍, On - 怅膻麇眍, Maximize - 爨犟桁嚯) 涑嚆铐嚯钽 蝠囫筲囗 (锍 牦蝾 450);

Sweep Direction - 磬镳 镥疱耋忄眄 犭铐 蝠囫筲囗;

Route Box - 痤珈仇 嚓蜩忭羁 钺豚耱 蝠囫筲囗;

Overlap % - 镥疱牮栩 斐 獬觏囔 蝠囫筲囗 ( 獬漶铗赅);

Route Layers - 耱疣蝈愠 噔蝾蝠囫筲囗 潆 觐骓钽 痼 犭铐:

Routing Enable - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 忤觐痂耱囗 溧眍泐 犭铐 磬 忤狃囗铎 鸪;

Layer Cost - 忄痱绸螯 痼 ;

Primary Direction - 镥疴桧龛 磬镳 蝠囫筲囗;

Between Pins - 忄痱绸螯 蝠囫筲囗 斐 忤忸溧扈;

Route Passes - 耱疣蝈愠 噔蝾蝠囫筲囗 潆 觐骓钽 镳铛钿:

Enable - 铉磬赅 漕玮铍 忤觐磬眄 镳铛钿;

Done - 铉磬赅 忤觐磬眍泐 镳铛钿 (祛骓 忤觐痂耱钼筲囹 溧眢 铉磬牦, 潆 蝾泐,  蜩祺囫钼 玎犷痤龛蜩 溧龛 镳铛充);

Type - 嚯泐痂蜢 蝠囫筲囗;

Heuristics - 戾蝾 蝠囫筲囗, 觇 耜豚溧候 礤钿眍疣珙忤 耧痤 玎耱铖筲囹 潴驽 镳铖虺 琊噻觇 蝠囫筲囗 磬 礤痤玮邃屙 玮'珀, 噌 玎瓿眵栩 蝠囫筲囗 桎觐 桉蝾. 哧 镳噔桦, 邂痂耱桕 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 潆 镟'虺 觐痤蜿桴 溻铗铟觐忤 蝠囫筲囗.

Maze - (豚岢痂眚) 漕玮铍 忤觐痂耱钼筲囹 怦 祛骐桠铖虺 铉镨躞忄眄 镱怛铕屙 蝠囫筲囗. 埋 篑蜞眍怅 忄痱铖蝈 嚓蜩忭, 觐腓 忤 忤觐痂耱钼蠛蝈 铒龀 Maze. 武桧 Maze 犭铐 镱忤礤 痤玮羼蜩 岢朦耱 镫囹 犭桤 漕 玎忮瘌屙.

Auto DFM - (镳铄牝 潆 蝈蹴铍钽橱眍耱). 妈岢 龀嚎 铒龀 潆 镳-躅潴 蝠囫筲囗 充屙蜩黜栝 忤觌桕 Cleanup Design. 戾睨 Auto 獬漯噻 锍耠 玎忮瘌屙 蝠囫筲囗 忄 镫囹.

Fanout - 徉驵磬 岢朦耱 忤镟潢斥 潆 忤觐痂耱囗 觐爨礓 Fanout, 漕耱箫眍 戾睨 Auto. 茵囫筲嚯桕 痤玮邃 岢朦耱 觐眚嚓虺 漕 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪. 皱 蝠囫筲嚯桕 忤觐痂耱钼蠛 镳铖虺 邂痂耱梓龛 嚯泐痂蜢, 耧铟囹牦 潆 镱牦 觐疱牝眍泐 斐聆 痤珈躇屙 皴疱滂沓 斐牮铖蹂扈, 犍 鲥 礤 忤殇, 蝾 铉嗷 礤.

Via Reduce - 耜铕铟屙 瓿朦觐耱 镥疱醭漤桕斥. 岢朦耱 忤镟潢斥 忤 祛驽蝈 礤 玎矬耜囹 Via Reduce, 铖瓿朦觇 蝠囫筲嚯桕 玎 疋詈 镳桊钿铪 斐沓斐珞 瓿朦瓿耱 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪 镳铞羼 痤玮钿觇.

Auto CDE (clear design error) - unrouter, 觇 忤溧 怦 玎礻眢虺 蝠囫 蜞,  噔蝾蝠囫筲嚯桕 爨 麒耱栝 镳铄牝, 潆 镥疱疣玮钿觇 镫囹. 暑腓 忤 镱怛铕眍 玎忄眚噫蠛蝈 Layout, 锍耠 忭羼屙 蝈蹴橱龛 珈稠, 忤 耧铟囹牦 镱忤眄 忤觐磬蜩 犭铐 Auto CDE, 潆 噔蝾爨蜩黜钽 忤溧脲眄 怦初 玎礻眢蜩 蝠囫 磬 镫囹.

Partial - 鬣耱觐忮 噔蝾蝠囫筲囗 - 獬 滏屦咫 漕 牮帼 嚓蜩忭钽 獬觏 蝠囫筲囗;

Fast - 桎赍 噔蝾蝠囫筲囗. 妈觐痂耱钼蠛螯, 铖眍忭铎, 潆 铞稠觇 痤珈躇屙 蝠囫 磬 镫囹;

Via Cost, Retry Cost, Route Limit, Attempts - 忄痱绸螯 镥疱醭漤钽 铗忸痼, 镱怛铕, 珞耔腚, 赍 蝠囫筲嚯桕 怅豚溧 镳铛充, 瓿朦瓿耱 耧痤 蝠囫筲囗

项 觐爨礓 Options/Global Spacing 噌 蜞犭桷 Strategy/Route Spacing 玟抽耥螯 磬豚筲囗 镟疣戾蝠斥 獬漶蜞沓 斐 咫屐屙蜞扈 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹:

Track to Track - 獬漶蜞睃 斐 漕鸪骊囔;

Track to Via - 獬漶蜞睃 斐 漕鸪骊铪 镥疱醭漤桁 铗忸疣扈;

Track to Pad - 獬漶蜞睃 斐 漕鸪骊铪 忤忸溧扈 觐痫篑;

Via to Via - 獬漶蜞睃 斐 镥疱醭漤桁 铗忸疣扈;

Via to Pad - 獬漶蜞睃 斐 镥疱醭漤桁 铗忸疣扈 忤忸溧扈 觐痫篑;

Pad to Pad - 獬漶蜞睃 斐 忤忸溧扈 觐痫篑.

4.2 畜黜 噔蝾爨蜩黜 蝠囫筲囗 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 OrCAD Layout

玎汔朦眍祗 忤镟潢, 镥疱 蝠囫筲囗 礤钺醭漤 忤珥圜栩:

某囔弪痂 祛眚噫龛 镥疱醭漤桴 铗忸鸪;

灶痨 痤珈仇 觐眚嚓蝽桴 爨殇囗麒瓿;

蓄珈仇 漯箨囵顸觇 镳钼充龛瓿, 瓿朦瓿耱 鸪 镫囹 靠 痤珈仇;

鲁漶蜞沓 斐 咫屐屙蜞扈 漯箨囵顸觐泐 爨膻黻;

畜黜 蝠囫筲囗 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 玟抽耥螯 镱 觐爨礓圊 Add/Edit Route Mode, Edit Segment Mode, Shove Track Mode, Auto Path Route Mode.

棱蝾爨蜩黜 蝠囫筲囗 (爨. 13) 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 玟抽耥螯 镱 觐爨礓圊 戾睨 Auto/Autoroute:

Board - 忤觐磬蜩 蝠囫筲囗 怦澈 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹;

DRC/Route Box - 忤觐磬蜩 蝠囫筲囗 怦初 觐祜铐屙虺,  珥圊钿螯 獬觏;

Component - 忤觐磬蜩 蝠囫筲囗 忤狃囗钽 觐祜铐屙蜞;

Halt Autoroute - 珞镨龛蜩 蝠囫筲囗;

Resume Routing - 镳钿钼骅蜩 蝠囫筲囗.

暑爨礓 Auto/Unroute 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 潆 蝾泐,  獬潇稠栩 蝠囫筲囗 怦澈 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 (Board), 獬觏 (DRC/Route Box), 铌疱祛泐 豚眦 (Net) 铌疱祛泐 觐祜铐屙蜞 (Component).

碾 麒眄 镳铄牝 锍耠 玎忮瘌屙 蝠囫筲囗 忤觐眢候 觐爨礓 Auto/Cleanup Design, 赅 噔蝾爨蜩黜 玢豚滏蠛, 耧铍篦嗪 锍 牦蝾 450 镥疱獬 羼蝈蜩黜 蜞 忤痤犴梓 镳钺脲扈, 瓿 祛汶 忤龛觏篁 镳铞羼 痼黜钽 噌 噔蝾爨蜩黜钽 蝠囫筲囗.

4.3 棱蝾爨蜩黜 蝠囫筲囗 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 OrCAD SmartRoute

橡钽疣爨 SmartRoute 忤觌桕嗪螯 镱鬣蜿钼钽 戾睨 ORCAD Layout. 青忄眚噫屙 羿殡 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹 (*.max) 玟抽耥螯 戾睨 File/Open. 琼圜屙 痂龛 蝠囫 漕矬耱桁 玎珙痂 镥疱溧 SmartRoute OrCAD Layout 噔蝾爨蜩黜. 橡 礤钺醭漤铖虺, 潆 磬豚筲囗 镟疣戾蝠斥 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 觐爨礓 戾睨 Options:

* Net Properties. - 篑蜞眍怅 镟疣戾蝠斥 玮'珀斥;

* Parameters - 篑蜞眍怅 镟疣戾蝠斥 鸪;

* Routing Passes - 磬豚筲囗 镥疱氤牦 镳铛钿斥 蝠囫筲囗.

棱蝾爨蜩黜 痤玮钿赅 玟抽耥螯 戾睨 Auto:

* AutoRoute Board - 蝠囫筲囗 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹;

* AutoRoute Area - 蝠囫筲囗 钺豚耱 漯箨囵顸觐 镫囹;

* AutoRoute Component - 蝠囫筲囗 忤狃囗钽 觐祜铐屙蜞;

* AutoRoute Net - 蝠囫筲囗 咫尻蝠梓眍泐 豚眦;

* AutoRoute One - 蝠囫筲囗 钿眍泐 咫尻蝠梓眍泐 豚眦.

碾 獬潇稠 蝠囫筲囗 忤觐痂耱钼蠛螯 觐爨礓 Auto/Unroute. 畜黜 蝠囫筲囗 玟抽耥螯 镱 觐爨礓 Tools/Manual Route.

扬桉铌 氤蝈疣蝮痂

1. 朽珏忤 .. 谚耱屐 镳铄牝桊钼囗 鲨麴钼 篑蝠铋耱 OrCAD. - .: 杨腩-, - 2000. - 160 .

2. 羊屮屙觐 .. ACCEL EDA. 义蹴铍钽 镳铄牝桊钼囗 镥鬣蝽 镫囹. -.: 皖腓滏, - 2000. - 510 .

3. 吏囗囫 .., 鼠珥弼钼 .. OrCAD 7.09.0. 橡铄牝桊钼囗桢 尻蝠铐眍 囡镟疣蝮瘥 镥鬣蝽 镫囹. - 燕黻-襄蝈疳箴: 袜箨 蝈蹴桕, - 2001. - 446 .

4. 朽珏忤 .. OrCAD 9.2. - .: 杨腩-, - 2001. - 519 .

5. 灭铠邂 .., 锑牦踵 .. 橡桁屙屙桢 镟赍蜞 OrCAD 潆 觐祜蝈痦钽 镳铄牝桊钼囗 尻蝠铐睇 聃屐. .1 喻. 项耦徼 - 皖忸耔徼瘃: 如-忸 兔矣, - 1999.

 
 

皖忸耱:


        项桉

   
        朽聒桊屙睇 镱桉

埋 镳噔 玎睇.