The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It occupies
about one-seventh of the earth’s surface. It’s total area is about 17
million square kilometers. The country is washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans :
the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Arctic. Russia borders with many country.
They are : Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Norway,
Finland, the Baltic states, Belorussia and the Ukraine. It also has a sea
border with the USA. The population of the Russian Federation is nearly 250
million people. The capital of the country is Moscow. It’s its largest
political, scientific, cultural and economical center. Russia is very rich
in mineral resources. There is gold, platinum, diamonds, coal, peat, oil,
gas and wood. There are over two million rivers in Russia. The Europe’s
biggest river , the Volga , flows into the Caspian sea. Others main rivers
are : the Ob, the Yenisei, the Lena and the Amur. Russia is also rich in
beautiful lakes. The world biggest lake - the Caspian sea and the world
deepest lake - Lake Baikal are in it. Russia has one-six of the world’s
forests. They are concentrated in the European north of the country, in
Siberia and in Far East. On the vast territory of the country there are
different types of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the
south. In the middle of the country the climate is continental. Russia has
four beautiful seasons : winter , spring , summer and autumn. They are very
different. The Russian Federation is a parliamentary republic. The Head of
State is the President. He is elected for 4 years and his powers are
limited by the Duma. At present Russia has some political and economical
problems. (The price are rising, the rate of inflation is very high, people
are losing their jobs and many factories are stopped). But I believe that
in the future the young generation of your country will sold all these
problems and they shall make “Great” Russia as strong and powerful as it
used to be.
Russia occupy a large territory. It strech almost 10 000 (ten thousend)
kilometres from east to west and nearly 5 000 (five thousend) kilometres
from north to south. It's population is 150 000 000 (one handred and fifty)
From spring till autmn the sun never sets over Russia: in Kaliningrad
peole see it sitting in the Baltic, while in Kamchatka it rises out of the
Pasific Ocean at the some time. People in our country see the New Year in
eleven times in one night.
If you begin to trevell in the Far East by air and fly 8 000 (eight
thousend)kilometres towards the west, you will land in Moscow on thr same
hour same day that you left the Far East.
It is a wonderful sight yo see our country from the plane. One can
hardly imagine a country more interesting to trevellers whan Russia.
Siberia covers millions of square kilometres. You fly over mountain,
endless forests, large and small rivers, railways, motorways. You leave
behind the lights of young and small towns, plants and factories. Siberia
is a rigeon of untold riches.
Father West are the Ural Mountains the border between Asia and europe.
The Urals are riche in different minerals.
The country's European part covers the territory from Urals to the
Baltic Sea. The largest cities of the Russia are situated between theBlack
Sea in the south and the Black Sea in the north. Such an our country from
East to West. There is no over countrys in which the climet differs so much
from one part to another. When it is still winter in the northen regions of
our country the first warm days arrive in the south. In the central regions
show storms and cold are still in power, while in the south people begin to
think of spring crops. In the same season nature looks different in
different parts of our country.
Russia is rich in oil, coul, iron, gold, silver and other minerals.